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Headmaster. R.V.M. High School. Venkatagiri Town. 

Under the Patronage of 



K.C.I. E.. A.D.C.. 










His Excellency The Right Honourable 

G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., G.B.E., 

Governor of Fort St. George, Madras, 



K.C.I.E., A.D.C., 

Panchahazar and Mansabdar, 
as a token of his high regard 
and esteem for His Excellency. 




Foreword ... ... ... ... i 

1st Generation ... ... ... ... 1 

2nd „ ... ... ... ... 10 

3rd „ ... ... ... ... 13 

4th „ ... ... ... ... 15 

5th „ ... ... ... ... 17 

6th „ ... ... ... ... 20 

7th „ ... ... ... ... 27 

8th to 14th Generations ... ... ... 31 

15th Generation ... ... ... ... 33 

16th „ ... ... ... ... 37 

17th „ ... ... ... ... 38 

18th „ ... ... ... ... 41 

19th „ ... ... ... ... 42 

20th „ ... ... ... ... 45 

21st „ ... ... ... ... 52 

22nd „ ... ... ... ... 53 

23rd „ ... ... ... ... 64 

24th „ ... ... ... ... 75 

25th „ ... ... ... ... 85 

26th „ ... ... ... ... 94 

27th „ ... ... ... ... 99 

28th „ ... ... ... ... 123 

29th „ ... ... ... ... 141 

Aopendix A— Outline of Inscriptions and Others ... 148a 

B—(l)— Proclamation ... ..- 148 

(2) „ ... ... 153 

(3) Sannad ... ... 159 

(4] Letter accompanying Sannad ... 172 

C- Genealogy ... ... .. 180a 

List of Illustrations. 


1. Bhetala Naidu tries to subdue the spirit Bhetala ... 5a 

2. Two swords and shield of Bhetala Naidu ... ... la 

Sword used in the duel with Bhetala ... ... la 

Sword presented by Ganapathi Deva Rai of Orangal ... la 

3. Emerald, true size ... ... ... ... 15a 

4. The Golden Throne ... ... ... ... 16a 

5. Raja V. Bangaru Yachama Naidu Bahadur (22nd Gene- 

ration) ... ... ... ... ... 53a 

6. Raja V. Sarwagna Kumara Yachama Naidu Bahadur 

(23rd Generation) ... ... ... .... 64a 

7. Sati-Temple at Akkampet ... ... ... 73a 

8. Raja V. Bangaru Yachama Naidu Bahadur (24th Gene- 

ration) ... ... ... ... ... 75a 

9. Temple of Sree-Kasi-Viswanatha Swami (Tower 82 feet 

high at Venkatagiri, built in 1760 A.D.) ... ... 82a 

10. Raja V. Kumara Yachama Naidu Bahadur (25th Genera- 

tion) ... .. ... ... ... 85a 

11. Venkatagiri Mountain Fort (distant view) ... ... 86a 

12. Sati-Temple at Venkatagiri ... ... ... 89a 

13. Stone-pillar, 64 feet high, in the temple of Sree-Kasi- 

Viswanatha Swami ... ... ... ... 90a 

14. Car Festival of Sree-Kasi-Viswanatha Swami ... ... QOb 

15. Raja V. Bangaru Yachama Naidu Bahadur (26th Genera- 

tion) ... ... ... .. ... 94a 

16. Raja V. Kumara Yachama Naidu Bahadur, c.s i. (27th 

Generation) ... ... ... ... 99a 

17. Venkatagiri Mountain Fort (near-view) .„ ... 119a 



18. Town Hall at Venkatagiri. Foundation-stone laid by 

H.E. Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff, g.c.i.e. 

on 22nd July, 1883 ... ... ... ... U9d 

19. European Guest House, built in 1870 A.D. ... ... I21a 

20. Temple of Sree-Varad a- Raja Swa mi at Venkatagiri ... 1213 

21. Maharaja Sir V. Rajagopala Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, 

G.C.I.E. (28th Generation) ... ... ... I23a 

22. Indra Mahal at Venkatagiri. Opened by H.E. Sir Mount- 

stuart Elphinstone Grant Duff, g.c.i.e., on 22nd July, 

1883 ... ... ... ... ... 126« 

23. Victoria Jubilee Rest House. Foundation-stone laid by 

H.E. Lord Connemara, g.c.i.e., on 10th November, 

1886 ... ... ... ... ... 1263 

24. Venkatagiri Gymkhana Club, established in 1891 ... 139^ 

25. Lieut. Sir Raja V. Govinda Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, 

K.C.I.E., A.D.c. (29th Generation) ... ... ... 141^ 

26. Queen Empress Mary Gosha Hospital at Venkatagiri. 

Foundation-stone laid by H.E. Lord Pentland, p.c.g.c.i.e., 
on 26th June 1917. Building opened by H.E. Lady 
Willingdon, c.i., d.b.e., on 20th November, 1922 ... 142^: 

27. Bronze Statue of the late Maharaja Sir V. Rajagopala ' 

Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, g.c.i.e. Unveiled by 
H.E. the Right Honourable Sir Freeman- Freeman 
Thomas, Baron Willingdon of Ratton, g.c s.i., g.c.i.e., 
G.B.E. ... ... ... ... ... 147« 


This '* Vamsacharitram " of the Venkatagiri 
Rajahs is intended to reach the hands of the 
English-knowing public, as the Telugu his- 
tory is naturally more limited in its scope of 
usefulness. Not only are the spirited Telugu 
verses and detailed inscriptions and sannads 
in Telugu script left untranslated in this 
pamphlet as being unnecessary, but it has 
also been the object of this edition to omit all 
topics of a more or less controversial nature, 
as these are discussed in detail in the intro- 
duction to the Telugu volume, while at the 
same time, the events recorded miscellane- 
ously in that volume have been culled and 
collected chronologically under several heads, 
Avith a view to bring the book as far as pos- 
sible on the lines of a recent CJironicle. If 
still it should strike the mind of one that the 


history is based on what is mere story or 
superstition, as for instance, in the miraculous 
career of Bhetala Naidu (first generation) or 
the pious dream of Rajah Bangaru Yachama 
Naidu (twenty-fourth generation), one has 
only to be advised to pay a casual visit 
to the Palace at Venkatagiri before one can 
get convinced by a glance at the ancient 
records as the swords and shields (first gene- 
ration), the valuable emerald, the throne of 
Yerradacha Naidu (twenty-fourth generation), 
and so forth, illustrated in this book. The 
antiquity of Venkatagiri Velugoti line is 
indeed unquestionable. Beginning about 
1195 A.D., so long ago as twenty-nine 
generations from the present Rajah, with 
the Warrior-King Bhetala Naidu as the parent 
member, and continuing with a glorious mili- 
tary career during the days of Vijayanagar 
Kings, Arcot Nawabs and Carnatic Chiefs 
down to 1802 A.D., when the present Estate 
was defined and organised by Lord Clive, 

what with the ever-extending territory and 
change of capital from Amanagallu, Pillala- 
marri, Rachakonda, Devarakonda, Velugodu, 
North Mallur to Venkatagiri, sometimes feu- 
datory, sometimes friendly and at other times 
(generations eighteen to twenty) virtually 
independent, the description takes a more 
peaceful and modern course with the grant of 
Armeghon to the English in 1625 A.D., the 
participation in the affairs of the Carnatic in 
(generations twenty-three and twenty-four), the 
assistance given to the English in 1790 A.D., 
and the Proclamation of 1800 A.D., ferti- 
lising at the same time all rich fields of 
activity in literature, art and religion, as for 
instance, in the patronage extended to San- 
skrit and Telugu learning by learned Rajahs, 
in the construction of huge palaces and 
towering temples, and in endowments made 
as big agraharams and liberal donations. 

I owe an apology to the English-reading 
public for having taken up this mighty 


task with my poor talents in the language, 
and to all members of the Velugoti family 
for the shortcomings in the events described. 
I tender my obedient thanks to Lieutenant 
Sir Rajah V. Govinda Krishna Yachendra 
Bahadur K.C.I. E., a.d.C, the Rajah Saheb of 
Venkatagiri, for kindly giving me this oppor- 
tunity to express my gratitude for the long 
ancestral enjoyment of samastanam charity 
and bounty for over a hundred years. My 
sincere thanks to all those who rendered 
necessary assistance from time to time. 



First Generation. 


, \ 

i I II 

Mai la Dama Prasad itya Rudra 
Naidu. Naidu(2) Naidu. Naidu. 
= Jayamma 

I I I.I 

Vennama Sabbi Pedda Naidu Bramha 

Naidu (3) Naidu. (Mada Naidu) Naidu. 

= Pochama | i \ 

(DamaraVari Nalla- Pernedu Surnedu Mall'inedu 

family). Dacha Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. 

I Naidu. 


I I I 

Yerra Dacha Madhava Dama 

Naidu (4) Naidu. Naidu. 
= Pochama 


.1 I I 

Singama Vennama Yachama 

Naidu (5). Naidu. Naidu. 

I I 

Anapotha IMada Naidu alias Madhava 
Naidu (6) Naidu. 

= Malavi. 

Velugoti family is one of the thirty-six 
branches of a family belonging to Recharia 
Gothram. The descendants of this line have 
their capital now at ** Venkatagiri " in Nellore 
district. The name Velugoti is due to their 


having ruled for a long time at Velugodu 
their capital in Kurnool district. This line 
stands now as the most prominent. The 
founder of this line is Chevi Reddi, the same 
as the famous Pillalamarri Bhetala Naidu. He 
lived during the days of the Emperor Kakati 
Ganapathi Deva Rai, and was held in high 
esteem by that Emperor for his valour and 
military skill. He was also frequently re- 
warded by him with titles and extensive 
territory. The present Rajah of Venkatagiri, 
Lieutenant Sir Rajah V. Govinda Krishna 
Yachendra Bahadur Varu, K.c.i.E., a.d.c, is 
the twenty-ninth descendant of this line. 
Chevi Reddi is also the first member of the 
lines of modern rulers of Jatprole, Bobbili, 
Pithapur and Mailavaram, which all branch 
severally from the same line. 

Chevi Reddi had two seats of Government, 
one at Amanagallu in Nallagonda taluk of the 
present Nizam's Dominions, where his ances- 
tors lived for a long time, and the second at 


Pillalamarri built by himself. The latter is 
situated four miles north of the former and 
east of Pillalamarri, at about four miles and 
on a high hill, is a fort, which is believed to 
have been the work of Bhetala Naidu and 
where he had hidden his immense treasure. 

The period of his reign is about 1208 A.D., 
which corresponds to the time of Ganapathi 
Deva Rai, the grandfather of Pratapa Rudra 
Deva. This is supported by three inscrip- 
tions, dated 1195, 1202 and 1208 A.D. The 
following is the genealogical table of his 
ancestors as contained in the second ins- 

A glorious event of his time accounts for 
his surname Bhetala Naidu, and runs as 
follows : Hemadri Reddi is the name of his 
tenth ancestor. He was a powerful king and 
amassed a wealth of several lakhs of rupees. 
It is said that he buried his savings under- 
ground in a place five miles from Amanagallu 
and marked it w^ith a pial, a banian tree and 


Bhima Reddi (conquered Chola Kings). 

Hemadri Reddi (tenth descendant.) 

Vikrama Reddi. 

Virabhadra Reddi. 

Mahipathi Reddi. 

Mukkanti Reddi. 

I (Sannangur.) 

Ramalinga Reddi. Bhima Reddi. 

Muncha Reddi. Yerrama Naidu. 

I I 

Kata Reddi. Kumara Naidu. 

I = Yerrakka. 

Kama Reddi = Kachamma I 

II I ! 

Nami Reddi Ayyama Sani Chevi Reddi = Yerrakka. 
= Ithamma j alias 

Prola Reddi. Bhelala Naidu. 

Malla Naidu. 

in its shadow an idol of Bhairava with a hidden 
inscription close by, embodying his wish that 
that wealth might be protected by that Deity 
and possessed in future by a deserving mem- 
ber of his family. The tenth descendant of 
this line, Chevi Reddi once went out to hunt 
and having lost company of his followers that 
lagged behind, he was providentially directed 
to the place of the hidden wealth. At that 

Bhetala Naidu tries to subdue the spirit Bhetalj 



time Rechan, a mala-servant under him was 
ploughing the field, and it so happened that 
the inscription was brought out by the plough- 
share, to the great surprise of Rechan. The 
matter was at once reported to his master 
who happened to be there. The inscription 
was examined and the Rajah wished to possess 
the wealth, just then the Deity Bhetala who 
resided on that banian tree caused several 
miracles and dangers to be worked out with 
a view to test his bravery. The big tree 
suddenly fell down and he came down upon 
the Rajah with his terrible features. Chevi 
Reddi stood undaunted. He took the evils 
calmly and tried to subdue the spirit with his 
drawn sword. Bhetala looked satisfied and 
astonished at his fearlessness and granted him 
a boon that his descendants would become 
famous rulers and warriors and that they 
would be guarded in battle by his invisible 
march in their front signified by the flight of 
a Brahmin-kite from left to right. Then the 


attempt was made to dig out the hidden 
wealth. But Bhairava in the idol at the foot 
of the tree gave him to understand that 
though he was a deserving person to take the 
money, he had to offer a human sacrifice. 
The Rajah was in a dilemma, to abandon the 
wealth or to find a person who would willingly 
offer his life for his wealth. Then came 
Rechan who was prepared to die cheerfully 
in return for the Rajah's granting him a 
boon that should be strictly observed by 
his descendants for all time to come. The 
boon runs thus : '^ Any marriage of a mem- 
ber of the Rajah's family has to be preceded 
by a marriage in Rechan' s family duly 
performed at the Rajah's expense," which thus 
presupposed the protection of Rechan' s line. 
This Rechan said would greatly recompense 
his death as his name would thus be long 
remembered side by side with the Rajahs of 
Velugoti line. This wish was at once grant- 
ed, the offering made, and the wealth posses- 

Two swords and shield of Bhetala Naidu. 


sed. This condition of Rechan is even now 
strictly complied with. 

Report of this incident soon reached the 
ears of the King of Vijayanagar who sent for 
him and heard the occurrence in detail. He 
then praised him for his bravery and gave 
him a reward of the tract of territory known 
as Lakshaseema, bordering on his own 
Amanagallu Estate, besides valuable jewels, 
horses and elephants. A gilt dagger was 
also presented on the occasion and he was 
dubbed Pillalamarri Bhetala Naidu. This 
dagger and another used in the duel 
with Bhetala are carefully preserved in the 
Samastanam to this date. On account of this 
knighthood he had been popularly known by 
this name. He is so-called in his wife's 
inscription at Pillalamarri bearing the year 
1208 A.D. 

His life-time seems to have been spent on 
account of his courage and skill in fighting 
in the battlefield rendering assistance to the 


Kings of Vijayanagar or the Manumasiddhi 
Rajahs of Nellore. Hence it is that he was 
known as Manumakuladitya meaning '' the 
sun that shines on Manumakula." 

General. — The standing events of his time 
are the construction of a Durg (mentioned 
above) near Amanagallu, and a temple of 
Siva erected by him at Pillalamarri, as also 
the Erakeswara temple built by his wife in 
1208 A.D. His elder brother Nami Reddi 
served as a General under Rudra Deva also, 
and he is remembered by the Thrikutam, built 
1195 A.D., and the temple of Nameswara in 
1202 AD. He had frequently co-operated 
with his brother in his military expeditions 
and contributed largely to his fame. 

Chevi Reddi built a capital at Pillalamarri 
and made his name immortal. The town is 
so named because it was originally built near 
the banian tree with its many offshoots. The 
chief temple of the town is Thrikutam or the 
three temples of Nami Reddi. There are, 


besides, the Siva's temple built by Chevi 
Reddi and two others of Poleswar and 
Viswanath. To the west of Pillalamarri is 
situated the temple of Erakeswara. The 
western part of the town had long gone to 
decay and what remains is only the part in 
the east. 



Second Generation. 

Dama Naidu. 

Of the three sons of Bhetala Naidu, the 
eldest Dama Naidu is the ancestor of this 
line. He was also known as Malla Naidu in 
the stone inscription of his mother. He 
resided at Amanagallu between the years 11 99 
and 1257 A.D., a contemporary of Ganapathi 
Deva Rai. On account of his great strength 
he was popularly known as Bala-Bhima, 
which means as strong as Bhima and had 
great skill in wielding the sword. He also 
received rewards and titles from the King of 
Vijayanagar and these are preserved in a 
Telugu verse sung in his name. He was also 
famous for his charity and popularity. 

The second son Prasaditya Naidu is 
more important. He won greatest distinction 


among the seventy-six Velama commanders 
of the Emperor. When Orangal was attacked 
by the Muhammadans, the Emperor sent for 
his warriors of seventy-seven gothrams and 
offered special honour of equal seat with him- 
self and homage by the rest to one who could 
defeat the enemy. While all others were 
hesitating, Prasaditya Naidu boldly came for- 
ward and sought permission for the challenge. 
He soon marched against the enemy, drove 
back his forces and got the promised rewards. 
He was besides presented with a jewel for 
the leg, and the title of Kakatirajapujita, 
that is, adored by the Kakatiya Kings. 

Later on when the Emperor died without a 
son and Rudrama Devi succeeded to the 
throne with the help of Prasaditya Naidu, 
several chiefs tried to overthrow the woman- 
ruler. But Prasaditya Naidu saved the King- 
dom from the hands of such rebels by every 
time defeating their armies and was therefore 
known as ** the Supporter of the Kakatiya 


Kingdom." Lastly when Pandya Kings 
refused to pay the annual tribute to Rudra- 
mamba, Prasaditya Naidu and his younger 
brother Rudrama Naidu jointly marched 
against them and came out completely victo- 
rious. Hence, the name Pandyagaja Kesari 
(lion to Pandya elephants). 



Third Generation. 

Vennama Naidu. 

The chief member of this generation is 
Vennama Naidu, the first son of Dama Naidu. 
He lived during the days of Rudramamba,. 
the Queen of Vijayanagar, about the period 
1258—1295 A.D. The inscription of Mada 
Naidu of the sixth generation at the northern 
gate of Srisailam, at Umamaheswaram (to 
be described in due course), refers in its 
genealogy to the specially warlike and 
victorious career of the Rajah. 

Bramha Naidu, one of his brothers, is the 
hero of Palnad, as described in the Veera 
Charitram written by the great Telugu poet 
Sree Nadha. The description of the valour 
of Palnad heroes does not exactly form a part 
of this history. So in passing, it may be said 


that this Bramha Naidu, on account of his 
valour and victory is credited to this day with 
super-human powers and Divine lore, and is 
believed, like King Arthur, to be still living 
somewhere only to return in time of need. 
The detailed description of the fight and of 
the members that took part in it is found on 
pages i to xxviii of Appendix A in the book on 
Antiquities, Volume I, written by Dr. Sewell. 


Emerald, true size 


Fourth Generation. 

Yerra-Dacha Naidu. 

Yerra-Dacha Naidu was the son of Ven- 
nama Naidu and Pochama Devi. He was 
also known as Yachama Naidu, and he 
married Pochemma of Damara Vari family. 
His time is not eventful except for a few 
military achievements. When Kuntluri Im- 
man reached Gollapalli, he went there with 
his brother Nalla-Dacha Naidu, defeated his 
forces and also put him to death. 

Secondly, when the five Pandya Kings : 
Vira Pandya, Vikrama Pandya, Sundara 
Pandya, Kulasekhara Pandya and Parakrama 
Pandya, occupied Conjeeveram, at the request 
of the then King Pratapa Rudra II, he 
marched against them, and so utterly defeat- 
ed them that he not only captured their 
elephants, horses, insignia, but returned with 
a beautiful emerald as big as the palm of the 


hand and a throne all lined with gold, like 
Arjuna that made present of his rich booty 
Yerra-Dacha Naidu gave all these to Pratapa 
Rudra II, who so appreciated his valour and 
liberal-mindedness, that he returned them to 
himself. He was also given the title of 
Pancha Pandya Dala Viphala, the destroyer of 
the armies of the five Pandyas, and Kanchi- 
kavata-churakara, the breaker of Kanchi 
gates. He was also a supporter of Thirukkola 
kingdom, and a chief source of help for all 
the neighbouring chiefs ; his expeditions 
are described in the inscription of the sixth 
descendant Mada Naidu at Umamaheswaram 


Fifth Generation. 


Singama Naidu, Vennama Naidu and 
Yachama Naidu, the three sons of Yerra- 
Dacha Naidu are the important members of 
this generation, and the present Hne descends 
from the eldest. The chief source of informa- 
tion about this warrior-prince is the famous 
Telugu book known as SingabhupaUyam. 
From it we gather that he reigned at Racha- 
konda and Devarakonda, two taluks now 
belonging to the Nizam's Dominions. The 
period of his sway corresponds to that of 
Pratapa Rudra II (1295—1323 A.D.). He 
built several agraharams in Eleswaram a 
place of pilgrimage on the banks of the 

He was also known for some deeds of 
fighting. Among his achievements may be 



mentioned the defeat and death of Macha 
komma Naidu and of Rudra Naidu near 
Gilugupalli, for which he was amply rewarded. 
History records that he was given rewards on 
eighty several occasions and therefore known 
as Asithivarala-Singama Naidu. The last 
exploit brought on him his end. When his 
brother-in-law Chintalapalli-Singama Naidu 
was captured at Jallipalli by Chalukya Kings, 
and imprisoned in a hill-fort, he personally 
marched with an army and besieged it. The 
officers inside the fort dared not to attack 
openly. So they sent a sorceror Thammala 
Brahmaji to murder him treacherously. 
Thereupon Brahmaji entered the camp of 
Rajah in disguise and stabbed him to death. 
Before his death the Rajah wanted his sons 
to avenge by performing his funeral rites with 
the blood of his enemies. 

The history of the other members of this 
generation is not eventful. Only two events 
deserve mention. The first is the assistance 


rendered to Mannavaru when Kolamachella 
was attacked by the Muhammadans. The 
second is the defeat of the famous Anavema 
Reddi at Dannala fort by Naga Naidu, which 
finds a mention in Singabhupaliyam. Naga 
Naidu is specially remembered by a fort built 
in his name in Rachakonda taluk. 



Sixth Generation. 

Anapotha Naidu. 

Anapotha Naidu and his brother Mada 
Naidu are two important members of this 
generation. They had their respective capi- 
tals at Rachakonda and Devarakonda of the 
Nizam's Dominions, and a description of 
these places will shortly follow. But they held 
sway over Orangal, Bhuvanagiri, Singapuram 
and others. The main line descends from 
the elder. 

The first event of his time is the siege 
of Jallipalli. As described towards the end 
of the last generation, he promised to take 
revenge on his father's enemies, and to that 
end he marched with his brother to the out- 
skirts of Jallipalli and began to attack. The 
numerous Reddi chiefs came out, and were 
all defeated and slain. Then it is said that 
like Parasurama he performed the funeral 
rites of his father with the blood of the 


enemies slain. The next is when he besieged 
Inukurthi in 1361 A.D. and defeated an army- 
headed by 101 chiefs who claimed descent 
from the Lunar line. His brother Mada 
Naidu gave him great help in this attack. 
He had a separate seat of Government at 
Devarakonda which was well improved and 
fortified during his time. 

The Anapotha tank dug in his own name, 
and the construction of a Pratiganda 
Bhairava temple on its bund are dated 

1368 A.D., as proved by an inscription. 
There are two other inscriptions of the same 
year on the bund and therefore belonging 
to his own time. An inscription of the year 

1369 A.D. speaks of his gift of the village 
Ayyanabrolu to Mylara Deva an idol of the 
same place in memory of- a glorious military 
campaign. In 1380 A.D., he built another 
tank known as Raya Samudram and set 
upon its bund the idol of Bhairava. The 
construction of steps from the foot of 


Srisailam to its top is a memorable charity 
of the brothers A short description of 
Rachakonda is given below : 
' Rachakonda means Rajah's Hill. It is 
situated in modern Hyderabad, and is a part 
of Nallagonda taluk. It is about six miles 
west of Narayanapuram Estate, thirty-two 
miles east of the city of Hyderabad, thirty 
miles south of Bhuvanagiri, and at the same 
distance north-west of Devarakonda. It is 
surrounded on all sides by mountains and has 
a circumference of thirty miles. At the centre 
of this circle is the capital with an extent of 
about ten miles. Huge gateways into the 
town were built on the four sides with different 
names, and side by side with these, temples 
with different idols and descriptive stone 
inscriptions. Almost the whole of the town 
has since gone to decay, and with the help of 
the few relics that remain we can judge fairly 
well its past history and glory. Traces of 
palace-streets and bazaar-streets are seen here 


and there. From the middle of the city shoot 
up two peaks known as Rachakonda and 
Naganayakonda, and a big wall built with 
boulders runs round them and forms a com- 
pound. There are four towers on Rachakonda 
with rock-built ramparts, twenty yards high, 
and there are other towers on the second hill 
also. The big gateways leading up hill are of 
special interest to the spectators. The central 
hall of the palace called Boddu-Chavika is still 
intact. Temples of Ramaswami and Veera- 
bhadra are the only two in sound condition 
to-day. There are besides a river flowing 
north-east, many wells and tanks. South of 
Rachakonda is Vedagiri with its cave-temple 
of Varaha-Narasimha. 

His character, love of learning and martial 
spirit are well described in the famous book 

A short history of his brother Mada Naidu 
and his descendants is written for the sake 
of completeness and on account of its 


importance. Mada Naidu not only rendered 
valuable service to his brother in fightings 
battles, but^himself defeated Anapotha Reddi, 
a relation of Anavema Reddi near Dannala. 

He built a huge rock-temple at Uma- 
maheswaram, a holy place at the northern 
foot of Srisailam. The date of its construction 
is proved by the inscription in the temple itself 
to be 1376 A.D. His capital Devarakonda 
with Madhavapuram at its foot was highly 
improved during his time. The detailed 
description of Devarakonda is rather out of 
place in the present family history, but it may 
be said that it was a natural fort almost impreg- 
nable, in 360 blocks or divisions with nine 
main and thirty-two sub-entrances, a big 
granary to contain 125,000 putties of corn, 
with nine sardars, each sardar being at the 
head of 12,000 troops and nine gate-defen- 
ders. Descendants of these families live there 
to the present day and are still in possession 
of the jaghirs granted by the Recharla Kings. 


From a recent statement of a Tahsildar of 
the Nizam's, it becomes plain that the Chiefs 
that once reigned at Devarakonda were 
(1) Yachama Naidu, the same as the fourth 
member of this line, Yerra-Dacha Naidu, (2) 
Madhava Rao, the present Mada Naidu, (3) 
Parvatha Rao, (4) Vedadri Rao, (5) Venkata 
Pratapa Surya Rao, (6) Dharma Rao, (7) 
Madhava Rao, and (8) Lakshmana Rao. It 
will be seen from a later portion and from 
the inscription dated 1575 A.D., that the fort 
was finally captured from Lakshmana Rao by 
the then Nawab of Hyderabad. 

The descendants of Mada Naidu noted in 
the genealogical tree are not historically 
important, as they are talked of only for their 
general skill in fighting. 

A great grandson of Komara Vedagiri 
Naidu killed Macha Reddi, a brother of 
Anavema Reddi in fighting, for which he was 
himself defeated and slain by Anavema, 
His brother Lingama Naidu, though young 


at that time, got enraged at this and killed 
Anavema in his turn. The favourite dagger 
called Nandikampotu fell into the hands of 
Lingama Naidu, and the attempts of Ana- 
vema's brother, Veerabhadra Reddi, to regain 
it by begging secretly through the poet Sree 
Nadha is the subject of a humorous poem in 
Telugu literature. 

A contemporary of the King Proudha Deva 
Raya, Lingama Naidu lived in the middle of 
the fifteenth century. His conquests seem to 
be numerous and occupy full two pages of 
Telugu history. From it, we learn that he 
was a terror to the wicked and a protector of 
the poor. With the booty so gained, he made 
several charities in the name of Sree Saila 
Mallikharjuna, and on one occasion he won 
the admiration of Anagondi Proudha Deva 
Raya and a reward of Gandapenderam (a 
jewel for the leg). 


Seventh Generation. 

Dharma Naidu. 

Singama Naidu (5) = Singamamba. 



Anapotha Naidu (6). 

= Annamamba. 

Pedda Singama 


Naidu 1 7), 

INIada Naidu. 

Pedda Vedagiri Naidu 

(and others.) 

I I 

Ramactiandra Kumara Mada 

Naidu. Naidu. 


Kumara Naidu alias China 
Vedagiri Naidu. 




Parvata Naidu. 


Kumara Linga 






I I 

Dama Mada Naidu 
Naidu. {alias Ram 

Madhava Naidu.) 
= Nagamamba. 

Sarwagna .Singama Annama 
Naidu. Naidu. 

Vedagiri Naidu. 

(China Singama) 

= Annama. 

Anapotha Naidu 
Kumara Naidu 
= Pochama. 




Anapotha Naidu had two sons, Pedda 
Singama Naidu and Dharma Naidu and the 


main line descended from the second. This 
Dharma Naidu is called Siva Bhupathi in 
Singabhupaliyam. The line of Pithapuram 
Rajahs branches from here. Nothing more is 
known about him. 

Next to his elder brother and his descen- 
dants. Pedda Singama Naidu alias Sarwagna 
Singa Bhupathi, a titular name on account 
of his great learning, is known for his book on 
rhetoric, '' Singabhupaliyam." He wrote also 
a commentary on '' Sangeetharatnakaram " a 
treatise on music, and some other Sanskrit 
books which brought him the prefix Sarwagna, 
meaning all-knowing or omniscient. Singa- 
bhupaliyam is unique in its kind and portions 
from it were quoted by that great Sanskrit 
commentator Mallinatha in his Raghuvamsam 
commentary, and are also noted as authority 
in such books as " Rasarnava Sudhakaram, 
Alankara Siromani and Pratapa Rudriyam 
and Balaramayanam Vyakyanams." His 
period (/r Nagambika's inscription appended 


elsewhere) is the latter part of the fourteenth 
century. His son Anapotha Naidu, same as 
Annama Naidu, defeated Sammeta Somuud 
of the Lunar line. He lost his life in fighting 
with Bolupalli Bukkha Rajah in the siege of 

His third brother, Vedagiri Naidu or 
China Singama Naidu, gave a fit punishment 
to Bukkha Rai by subsequently defeating and 
capturing him, though in the end he forgave 
him. Mada Naidu the youngest of the 
brothers is remembered by his wife's inscrip- 
tion at Nagasamudram in 1429 A.D. Naga- 
samudram is the name of a tank built by 
Nagamamba at Nagaram, a place four miles 
north-east of Rachakonda, the capital town 
described already. In that inscription Mada 
Naidu is described as the author of a commen- 
tary on Ramayanam called " Raghaviyam " 
duly dedicated to Sree Rama. Anapotha 
Naidu, the son of China Singama or Vedadri 
Naidu is not noteworthy, but his first son 


Sarwagna Singama Naidu is the poet-prince, 
who won the immortal praise of Sree 
Nadha, and in whose name was written 
** Bhoginidandakam " by Bammara Potha 
Raju of Bhagavatam fame. 


Eighth to Fourteenth Generations. 

Thimma Naidu to China Singama Naidu.. 

Dharma Naidu (7). 

Thimma Naidu (8). 


I I 

Dharma Chitti Dacha 

Naidu? Naidu (9). 

Anapotha Naidu (10). 


I I 

Pedda Mada China Mada 

Naidu. Naidu (11). 

I I 

! I I 

Dharma Yerra Sura Nalla Sura 

Naidu. Naidu (12). Naidu? 

! . I 

Mada Naidu alias \ 

(Madhava Naidu). Yachama Naidu (13). 

China Singama Naidu (14). 

Nirvana Rayappa Naidu (15) 
{alias Pedda Naidu). 

These generations can be passed over with a 
sentence on each. Thimma Naidu (eighth 
generation) defeated some Pandya Kings and' 
several Ghurjara rulers and is so recorded in 
a Telugu verse. His second son Chitti Dacha 


Naidu belongs to the main line. His elder 
brother Dharma Naidu, from whom descend- 
ed the line of Pithapuram Rajahs, is famous 
for building the strong fort of Nallakonda 
in a taluk of the same name in the Nizam's 
Dominions and this is evidenced by the 
Sannad of Kancherla Varu (appended). 
Mailavaram line branches from Nalla Sura 
Naidu brother of the twelfth member as also 
the Suraneni family, and Mada Naidu or 
Madhava Naidu (thirteenth generation) is the 
father of Poluri line to which belongs Surabhi 
line also. 



Fifteenth Generation. 

Nirvana Rayappa Naidu 
(alias Pedda Rayadu.) 



Abba Naidu. 

Nirvana Rayappa Naidu (15). 

I I 

Thimma Kumara 

Naidu. Thimma 

Naidu (16). 




Gopala Naidu. Thirupathi 

I i 

Thimma Pinna Kondappa 
Naidu. Naidu (17). 

Naidu ? 



I I 

Nayanappa Yerra Thimma 

Naidu ? 








Six sons. 






Three son.s. 

Nirvana Rayappa Naidu surnamed Pedda 
Rayudu, is an important member, for he was 
the founder of the place and the Dynasty 
known as Velugodu. He was a contemporary 


of the great Carnatic Ruler Krishna Deva 
Rai living in the sixteenth century and was in 
the earlier part of his life-time a subject Prince 
and Commander-in-Chief of Krishna Rai. 
Velugodu which then belonged to Krishna 
Deva Rai was once attacked by a Muham- 
madan chief, and Nirvana Rayappa Naidu, 
who was then very powerful and resided at 
Devarakonda, marched against him on his own 
accord, and defeated and killed him. He 
then returned with a white umbrella as the 
token of success, and was allowed to use it for 
himself by the king of Carnatic. From that 
moment he came to be known as the Lord of 
White Umbrella. He was also granted the 
free enjoyment of the taluk of Velugodu which 
he so ably defended. Thus he acquired the 
family name of Velugodu which means Veli- 
Godugu, the White Umbrella, and the same 
name exists as Velugoti to this day. He soon 
changed his capital from Devarakonda to 
Velugodu, which was considerably improved. 


This event is recorded in a book called the 
** V'^ictories of Krishna Deva Rai " and other 
historical texts. The Kurnool Manual also 
refers to this, though with a difference in date. 

A short description of Velugodu is not out 
of place here. Velugodu belongs to Nandi- 
kotkur taluk of modern Kurnool district 
and is situated forty miles east of Kurnool, 
fifteen miles north of Nandyal and forty 
miles south of Srisailam. The fort itself is 
three-fourth in ruins. 

The once Siva's temple has been changed 
to Kesava's, and a throne is preserved in it. 
The throne is made of Kuruvinda Mani (a 
precious stone) and is 6 by 4 by 3 feet. It 
has thirty-two pictures artistically arranged 
around it. Four lions are carved on its sides 
and in the centre of it is a peculiar hollow 
which can be filled with water to make the 
seat cool in summer. In form, it is like Delhi 
throne or that at Hyderabad. A river flows 
close by, and the place commands very fine 


weather. It now contains a Forest Office 
and a Post Office. 

Near Velugodu were built two tanks, one in 
his own name, and the second in the name 
of his daughter Mallamma. When he died,, 
a poet called Mallanna wrote in his name a 
poem called '' Vaikuntarohanam " or ascent 
to heaven. 


Sixteenth Generation. 


Kumara Thimma Naidu, the third son, was 
the chief member of this line. He also con- 
tinued to stay at Velugodu, and was known 
for his general religious charities. 


Seventeenth Generation. 

Pinna Kondappa Naidu. 

Pinna Kondappa Naidu (17) 
=Thimmamba =Akkamma. 


= Singamma. 

I I I 

Rangappa Yachama 1 himma 

Naidu. Naidu (18) Naidu. 




Naidu (19) 











I .1 I I 

Cbennappa Thimma Pedda Chinna 

Naidu. Naidu. Kondappa Kondappa 

I Naidu. Naidu 

Mala Kondappa Naidu. 

Kumara Chennappa Naidu. 



















Venkatadri Rayappa 
Naidu. Naidu. 






-^ I 

I Singama 

Chinna Naidu. 



I I I 

Thirupaihi Kondappa Pedda 

Naidu. Naidu. Venkalappa \'enkatappa 
I Naidu. Naidu. 

Four sons. 







Little is known about the chief member, 
Pinna Kondappa Naidu, the third son. Pedda 
Kondappa Naidu stayed at Velugodu, and 
his younger brother Thimma Naidu, at Gani 
in Nandyal taluk. Thimma Naidu a brave 
soldier, lived during the days of Achyuta 
Deva Rai and Rama Rai of Vijayanagar. 
He defeated Thimma Raju at Pattukota, and 
Bhairam Khan on a different occasion. 
When the Sardars and Poligars made an 
united attempt to defeat him in 1530 A.D., 
he came out victorious to the surprise of all, 
but in the end he was slain by Obala Rai, 
who was in his turn defeated and killed by 
his second son Nayanappa Naidu on ihe 
banks of the Krishna in 1546 A.D. 

His youngest son Verra Thimma Naidu 
was also an able warrior and commanded 
much respect from Rama Rai. His son 
Thimma Naidu left an inscription dated 
1583 A.D., at Podili, the headquarters of a 
taluk of the same name in Venkatagiri Estate. 


It treats of his free gift of lands to Brahmins 
and is significant by different names given 
to members of his family. In that inscripT 
tion he is himself styled Kumara Chinria 
Thimma Naidu, his father Kumara Thimma 
Naidu, and his uncle as Pedda Thimma 
Naidu. This serves to prove how members 
are known by more names than one. 


Eighteenth Generation. 

Yachama Naidu. ; 

Yachama Naidu, the second son of Pinna 
Kondappa by his second wife, has little that is 
noteworthy. This generation is important 
for the long genealogy preserved in that 
Telugu poetical work " Bhanumati Pari nay am '-' 
written by Vetur Ranga Rajah and dedicated to 
Rayappa Naidu his brother's grandson. His 
brothers son Venkatadri Naidu is the founder 
of Venkatagiri which is the capital of Venka- 
tagiri Estate. Venkatadri Naidu defeated 
Gobburi Poligars of Kalimili, a name by 
which Venkatagiri was previously known, 
subsequently occupied it and made it his 
•chief residence, naming it after himself. 
Though the place thus passed into the posses- 
sion of Venkatagiri family, it was not till the 
twenty-third generation that it became the 
<:apital of the Rajahs. 


Nineteenth Generation. 


The history of Kasturi Rangappa Naidu is 
nothing but a record of a few military inci- 
dents of his time. The first is his success 
against the Muhammadan Chief of Golconda. 
Next he compelled the chiefs of Kondavedu 
and Venukonda to retreat to Kocherlakota. 
Then his defeat of Thimmana Gandu a notori- 
ous rebel of the days of Krishna Deva Rai. 
When he once rose in revolt, he was made 
to succumb. The description goes that 
Rangappa Naidu met him in a valley called 
Kotakanuma, and in an engagement killed 
as many as 26,000 warriors, made the rebel 
a fugitive, and compelled him thenceforward 
to pay tribute for which act the hero was 
granted a taluk known as Orwaseema. 

But the most remarkable incident is the 
conflict with Thimma Raju of Matla Vara 


in 1597 A.D. ; Thimma Raju with the 
assistance of his warlike brothers Kondraja, 
Venkataraja and Dasariraja not only extend- 
ed his power beyond the limits, but annexed 
the territory of Vobala Raju, whereupon the 
latter applied to Rangappa Naidu for assist- 
ance who at once marched to Kodur with a 
troop of 2,000 followers. Dama Venkatappa 
Naidu joined him with a small force. Thimma 
Raju when he heard this, quickly gathered 
friends from Katreni, Vanka, Kunapalli and 
others and reached Yerraguntla. He then 
sent word through Guthi Venkata Raju that 
he saw no cause for Rangappa Naidu's 
intervention and he was prepared to come to 
terms. But he got a reply that a solemn 
promise had already been made to restore 
the territory of Vobala Rai and that fighting 
could cease only on that condition being ful- 
filled. Then Thimma Raju began the attack 
with ninety elephantry, 1,000 cavalry and 
12,000 infantry, and Rangappa Naidu with 


his few followers and friends bravely fought 
against such odds. In the end Thimma Raju 
was defeated, fifty-three of his leaders includ- 
ing Linga Raju and Thimmanna and all the 
four commanders were slain. Other leader^ 
and chiefs surrendered and their lives were 
spared. -■ 


Twentieth Generation. 

Pedda Yachama Naidu alias Yacha Sura, 

Kasturi Rangappa Naidu (19) 
alias Krishna Rangappa Naidu. 


I I I 

Kumara Rangappa Pedda Yachama Sarwagna Singama 

Naidu. Naidu (20). Naidu. 


I i I i I 

Kumara Venkatadri Thimma Kumara Ramabhadra 
Rangappa Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. 

I I I 

Kumara Venkatappa Chinna 

Yachama Naidu. Naidu. Venkatappa 

(21) Naidu. 
= Varadamma 

Bangaru Yachama Naidu (22) 

Pedda Yachama Naidu surnamed Yacha 
Sura, the second son of Kasturi Rangappa 
Naidu ruled over Perimidi, which was granted 
by Veera Venkatapathi Rai, with his capital 
at Madurantakam. 

His life is famous for two military achieve- 
ments of his time. One is the battle of north 
Mallur in 1602 A.D., in which he defeated 
Pedda Naidu. Once when Yacha Sura went 
with his followers and occupied the fort of 


North Mallur, the chief of those parts Yaradi 
Nagappa Naidu sent for his warUke brother- 
in-law Davala Papa Naidu and giving him the 
assistance of his tributary chiefs and several 
Reddi warriors of the place besides the ele- 
phantry and cavalry supplied by the heads of 
Jinji and Tanjore, despatched him against the 
enemy. The forces that thus marched against 
Yacha Sura comprised 1,000 Sardars, chief 
among whom was Papa Naidu, an elephantry 
of 100, cavalry of 1,000, and an infantry of 
30,000, and they soon reached North Mallur. 
Having heard news of this preparation, Yacha 
Sura with the assistance of his younger brother 
Sarwagna Singama Naidu, fearlessly opposed 
them and with an army of only 2,000 so com- 
pletely defeated them that not only were the 
forces put to flight but the thousand chieftains 
were all slain to a single man. Papa Naidu 
himself being beheaded in the field. 

The second incident is what is connected 
with the history of the Vijayanagar kings. 


The following is a description seen on page 
222 of the seventeenth chapter of the history 
of Vijayanagar, as compiled by Dr. Sewell. 
The genealogical tree for reference is as 
follows : — 

Kings of Vijayanagar 
(at Chandragiri.) 


I 1 I 

Rama Roy III. Venkaia Roy I. .'^ister (Lakkamamba) 

or M. Vobala Roy. 

Venkatapathi Roy | 

; (1586-1614 A. D.) | j j" 

Married (2) Chinna Jagga 
(1) sister of Bayamma, Vobala Roy. 

Narappa Roy. ' i Roy. 

= Chikka Roy I. 

I I 

Thirumala Roy II Ranga Roy III 

(died childless). {a/ias Chikka Roy). 


I I I 

First son died Ranga Roy IV. Third son killed 

in prison. in prison. 

When the Vijayanagar kings had their 
capital at Chandragiri, Venkata Rai I reigned 
from 1586 — 1614 A.D., and was then suc- 
ceeded on his death by his son Ranga Rai III, 
surnamed Chikka Rai, whom he nominated 
as his heir, because he had known the 


intentions of his second consort Bayamma in 
her bringing up a Brahmin girl as her own 
daughter. On Ranga Rai's coming to the 
throne, Jagga Rayudu, Thimma Rayudu and 
Mada Naidu declined to accept his sovereignty 
and set up Chikka Rai the supposed nephew 
of Jagga Rai as the real heir. The minister, 
the commander and Narappa Naidu being 
also inimical, Jagga Rai supported the 
claimant. So they all joined together and 
finally captured and imprisoned in a fort 
Ranga Rai together with other members of 
his family. Chikka Rai thus became the 

But all the time Yachama Naidu stood aloof 
without siding Jagga Rai in spite of the 
repeated requests of the latter, for he was 
convinced with the guilt of that party. He 
even sent word that he could not support an 
upstart of doubtful birth and parentage. All 
other chiefs were one by one passing to the 
side of Jagga Rai. But Yachama Naidu 


alone planned the escape of the fugitives in 
different ways, yet all in vain. But finally 
with the help of a washerman he got the 
second son of Ranga Rai a boy of twelve years 
released, by being taken out in a bundle of 
clothes. The rumour of the release brought 
a few warriors to his side. A later attempt to 
release the rest of the family by digging 
an underground passage proved a failure. 
Finally, the commander at Vobaleswar was 
bribed to murder the prison guards and throw 
open the gates of the fort. This succeeded 
and news was sent to Yacha Sura to come 
ready for the attack. But meanwhile Jagga 
Rai also came to know the plan and effecting 
an entrance by a back-gate not only killed 
the commander Vobaleswar and his followers 
but deputed his younger brother Vobala Rai 
to massacre the king and his family in the 
prison. Vobala Rai then entered the prison 
and made an end of them all. Therefore the 
only heir left behind was the boy who was under 



the shelter of Yacha Sura. On hearing these 
details of such a heinous deed, many warriors 
joined the camp of Yacha Sura with a 
determination to restore the young prince to 
the throne of Vijayanagar, and when the word 
of challenge to fight was sent by Yacha Sura, 
Jagga Rai tried his best to persuade him to 
give up fighting but failed and in the end was 
forced to flee for life. Thus, the object of 
Yacha Sura was fulfilled, and with the crown 
and royal ornaments of his father taken as 
booty from Jagga Rai's camp, Rama Rai IV 
was duly declared king. 

The chronicler Dr. Sewell makes mention in 
his manual of a letter obtained from the 
Portuguese Record in Lisbon, which was the 
foundation for all this writing. The letter, it 
seems, was addressed by a Portuguese Barados 
to his home from Cochin on 12th December 
1666, and contained this information. The 
description given by a Zemindar of Kalahasti 
Damara Vengala Bhupala in his Telugu 


*' Bahulaswachritra " bears ample testimony 
to this military and victorious career of Yacha 
Sura and to many other occasions at North 
Mallur, Chingleput, Palyamkota, Madura, 
jinji and Trichinopoly. 

(The successful execution of this mission 
put into the possession of this family, the place 
which has since become the headquarters, 
says Nellore Manual, page 718.) 


Twenty-first Generation. 


Introductory, — Kumara Rangappa Naidu 
the eldest of these brothers, became the foun- 
der of a line of kings at Bobbili, and details 
of his life are procurable from a history of 
Bobbili Rajahs written from the pen of the 
Maharajah of Bobbili. 

Military. — The sixth of the brothers is the 
chief member of this line. Nothing is known 
about him except that he once opposed the 
troops from Mysore in an engagement near 
the village of Chavali and routed them in a 
close pursuit of thirty miles, for which act of 
bravery he was amply rewarded by Abdul 
Padusha, the Nawab of Carnatic, with horses, 
elephants and royal presents, besides a bright 

Raja V. Bangaru Yachama Naidu Bahadur (22ndi Generation) 



Twenty-second Generation. 

Rajah Bangaru Yachama Naidu Bahadur. 

Died 1693 A.D, 

Kumara Yachama Naidu=Varadamma 
(21) I 

Yachama Naidu (22). 
Akkamma(l). = Vengamma (2). = Nalinakshamma 


I I 

Muddu Akkalla. Kumara Naidu. 

I I I 

Sarwagna Kumara Pedda Chinna 
Yachama Naidu. Akkalla. Akkalla. 

General, — Rajah Bangaru Yachama Naidu 
had his capital at North Mallur in the district of 
Chittoor and held sway over the neighbouring 
Purgannahs. But he seems to have spent a 
good part of his life-time in the northern 
districts with his seat of Government at 
Venkatagiri as plain from the two religious 
endowments at Kumara Yachasamudram 
and Varadamambapuram and from his military 


career at Lakkireddipalli, these being des- 
cribed in due course. The chief event of his 
line is the grant of Armugam to the EngHsh 
in 1625 A.D. Armugam was the first place 
of English settlement on the Coromandel 
Coast and was obtained, as says Sewell in 
Volume I, page 146 of Lists of Antiquities, 
from the Rajah of Venkatagiri, by the karnam 
of the village, whose name Armugam, the new 
settlers gave in gratitude to their factory. 
Cox in page 42 of his North Arcot Manual 
bears testimony to the same when he writes 
^'the English (in 1625) had moved their 
factory from Masulipatam to Armugam." The 
Nellore Manual of Mr. Bornell has the 
following description on page 24 about Armu- 
gam. " This is a small depot about a mile 
south of the village, which is now chiefly 
occupied by salt manufacturers and is often 
mentioned by the early historians of British 
India as Armugam being our first settle- 
ment on the Coromandel Coast. Armugam 


Lighthouse is the only lighthouse in the dis- 
trict. Armugam shoal is about ten miles long. 
The shallowest part is 1 J fathoms. There is a 
scheme for improving it and converting it into 
a harbour of Madras. This shoal presents a 
natural harbour which might be made ex- 
ceedingly beneficial at a small outlay." The 
other events come under two heads : - 

Religious. — On account of their importance, 
the religious endowments and buildings find 
the chief place Once during his stay at North 
Mallur, he gave as a free gift oragraharam to 
a family of his Purohits, the village of Maha- 
devamangalam in the taluk of Tiruvennemala 
of Jinji Purgannah. When enquiries were 
made by the late Maharajah Sir V. Rajagopala 
Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, g.c.i.e., about 
the condition of the agraharam, it was ascer- 
tained that the descendants of the first re- 
cipients had it in their possession for a long 
time, though already mortgaged and had 
only recently sold it away. 


The second endowment belongs to the year 
1679 A.D. That year the village of Mannur 
belonging to Venkatagiri taluk, which came 
under the control of these Rajahs during the 
days of Venkatadri Naidu, the seventeenth 
member of this line, was named Kumara 
Yachasamudram in revered memory of his 
father, was declared an agraharam and given 
as free gift in forty-six equal shares to several 

Thirdly it was in 1682 A.D. that the 
village of Siddavaram, two miles to the west 
of Venkatagiri, was named Varadamamba- 
puram, in revered memory of his mother and 
given over as agraharam. 

Once during his stay in the capital in 
the south, he constructed a mandapam, a 
stone-built hall opposite to the temple of 
Vijayaraghava Swami in Thirupagudi, near 
Mosaravaka, as a visiting hall of the said Deity 
during the time of His festival. On Sree 
Rama Navami and other festive occasions the 


Image of God is taken in a grand procession 
to this place. The hall is still extant and in 
good order. 

Military.— In the year 1604 A.D., Matla 
Appala Rai, a powerful chieftain living in the 
neighbourhood of Arcot once gathered forces 
from the wild tribes such as Boya and 
Chenchu Varu races and aided by his relations 
and several minor Poligars fearlessly entered 
the parts of country now known as Guntur, 
Kadavagunta, Ontimitta, Nandalur and 
Cuddapah and freely robbed and plundered 
and thus caused much havoc to the inhabit- 
ants. The Nawab, Sultan Abdul Hassan 
Khudaff came to know this and once offered 
a great reward to Bangaru Yachama Naidu 
in the event of his capturing the rebel. The 
Rajah readily consented and was making 
arrangements to attack the enemy. With the 
assistance of Damara Venkatapathi Naidu and 
his followers, he marched to the hilly tracts of 
Rapur, and leaving behind some part of his 


forces to keep watch in the hills and search 
for the foe, he soon marched to Lakkireddi- 

Meanwhile Appala Rai heard all this and 
knowing that his enemy was there aided only 
by a few followers, he at once besieged him 
at Lakkireddipalli with a big army of 5,000 
sardars chief among them being Koravi 
Ramanna and Amarachinta Krishnappa. 
Then the Rajah, weak as he was, gave open 
conflict unmindful of the odds and boldly 
charged into the enemy's quarters. His 
forces soon put to flight hundreds of Appala 
Rai's followers, and he himself on account of 
his great strength and courage, put Ramanna 
and several other sardars to sword. The two 
Telugu verses sung in praise of the victor 
serve to show the unequalled valour and 
warrior spirit that he possessed. In the 
end the result was that Appala Rai under- 
stood his fate, escaped in disguise and hid 


himself in Rapur hills. The fight ended in a 
signal success to the Rajah. 

News of the victory soon reached the ears 
of the Nawab who at once conferred on him 
the titles of Rajah Bahadur and Shash Hazari 
Mansab (a commander of 6,000 followers). 
Besides, he presented him with the valuable 
gifts of Sabju Ambari and Gosh Pesh and 
granted him the honours of Panchamarathib 
and others. The Sabju Ambari, a covered 
seat arranged on the back of the elephant in 
procession, is to this day regarded as the 
State Ambari and finds its main use at the 
time of Installation. Panchamarathib too is 
fixed to the Ambari at its top as a special 
mark of honour. 

The second important achievement in the 
battle brought upon him and with him on 
several members of his family the sad and 
destined end. Aurangzib the Mogul Emperor 
returned to his capital at Delhi after his con- 
quest of the Deccan. Soon after, Surap 


Singh the Chief, commanding the fortifi- 
cations of Senji (Jinji) and a few others joined 
together and rose in rebellion. They refused 
to pay the annual tribute to the Emperor. 
When Aurangzib heard this, he soon appoint- 
ed Zulphur Khan Bahadur, a son of his 
favourite Vizier Asaf Khan Bahadur as the 
Nawab of Arcot and sent him to the Deccan 
with a large army and with a mandate to 
quell the rebels. But the new Nawab on 
reaching his capital at Arcot neglected the 
duty entrusted to him and this disobedience 
on the part of Zulphur Zung Bahadur much 
displeased the Emperor. It is said that for a 
time, on account of the Emperor's wrath, all 
correspondence ceased between him and his 
Deccan agent. There is mention made of 
this in Persian Records Thuhvathul Akvar. 
Aurangzib then thought of appointing Rajah 
Bangaru Yachama Naidu as the next Nawab 
to replace the disobedient agent, for he 
thought the Rajah to be the ablest and fittest 


person for the place, having already heard of 
his courage and loyalty in putting down the 
rebel Matla Appala Rai and having also 
received his personal help in his Deccan 
campaign. But Zulphur Khan received in- 
formation about this from his friends at Delhi 
and so began to plan his murder and be 
rid of the Rajah. On the day of Mahar- 
Navami in 1693 A.D., he went on some pretext 
to North Mallur, the Rajah's capital, and 
knowing that on that day all weapons of 
war were reserved for special worship, and 
were not therefore available for war or wear, 
he invited the Rajah to his own tent for a 
short interview. The latter of course went 
unarmed, and after a few minute's conversa- 
tion with him in the tent, the Nawab with- 
drew on some plea leaving the guest inside. 
Soon the ropes were cut and the whole tent 
was instantly pulled down on the head of the 
Rajah inside to cause him sudden death. 


The followers, being also unarmed, were of 
no avail in helping the Rajah. 

When news of this treachery reached the 
Rajah's palace, his son by the first wife 
Sarwagna Kumara Yachendra and son by the 
third wife Kumara Nayana and Rama Rao, a 
Brahmin boy, kindly brought up in the palace, 
were all entrusted to the care of a servant- 
woman Polu to be safely handed over to their 
relations Jupalli Varu and Brahmin house- 
holders, known as Pasupati Avaru and Divi 
Varu, living in distant parts and the maid- 
servant was secretly despatched out of the 
palace with the three children and with a small 
sum of money to cover the expenses of the 
journey. The ladies in the Harem, namely, 
the three wives of the Rajah, his two daughters 
by first wife, and one other by the third 
•committed suicide preferring death to falling 
into the hands of the heinous Nawab and 
being dishonoured. This dreadful incident 
occurred in 1693 A.D. 


The destruction of palace records conse- 
quent on the Nawab's occupying North Mallur 
marks the end of any history of the previous 
members of the royal line. Several valuable 
gifts and glorious presents of the ancestors, 
along with the throne of gold, the chief asset 
of Yerra Dacha Naidu, the fourth member of 
this line, fell into the hands of the Nawab. 
What a different history would have been 
possible if the several Pharmanas gained by 
the predecessors down from the parent member 
Bhetala Naidu had been intact without being 
destroyed by the Muhammadans. The few 
Pharmanas now available in the records are 
only those that were granted to the subse- 
quent Rajahs. The historic nature of the 
tragedy was examined and proclaimed to 
the world during the days of the late Maha- 
rajah Sir V. Rajagopala Krishna Yachendra 
Bahadur. The particular plot of ground where 
the tent treachery took place is even now 
known as Dera Gunta (tent-pit) and there are 
two temples with the images of the heroic 
women who thus sacrificed their lives. 


Twenty-third Generation. 

Rajah Sree Sarwagna Kumara Yachama 
Naidu Bahadur. 

Born 1690 A.D., installed 1695 A.D., died 1748 A.D. 

Rajah Bangaru Yachama Naidu. = Akkamma. 


Rajah Sarwagna Kumara Yachama Brother Kumara Nayana, 
Naidu. (23) son by Nalinakshamma 
J (died yo ung) . 

Rajah Bangaru Yachama Naidu. Pedda Yachama Naidu. 

Introductory. — The period of Rajah Ban- 
garu Yachama Naidu marks an epoch in the 
history of Venkatagiri Rajahs. Anything in 
the form of detailed history begins with this 
time, and dates can be assigned to many 
events of his time and to all others that follow. 
So with the end of past history (on account of 
the destruction of previous record), history (of 
a more modern type) commences. The second 
reason is that as a result of the success in the 
fight with Matla Appala Rai, the title Rajah 
Bahadur along with allied honours of royalty 
was first conferred by the Emperor of Delhi, 


Raja V. Sarwagna^Kiimara Vacliama Naidu 15ahadiir (23rd Generation). 



and his successors have ever since been enjoy- 
ing, without a break, these and other honours. 
The third reason is that while the Rajah him- 
self turned greater attention to his residence 
at Venkatagiri by staying there for longer 
periods, the tragic end of his life finally 
compelled the change of capital from south 
to north. 

The two sons and the Brahmin boy who 
were sent out with Polu were safely handed 
over as required. They were next sent to 
JupaUi Rama Naidu, son of Gopala Naidu, the 
ruling chief of Sathgoda at the time, for 
protection, and were there safe without falling 
into the hands of the enemy. Attempts were 
also being made to take the boys to the Mogul 
Emperor to inform him of the treachery of the 
Nawab. Then the Nawab would be properly 
punished for his crime and the condition of 
the boys bettered. In the meantime Aurang- 
zib too having had some vague representation 
of the behaviour of his Deputy in the Deccan, 


thought of sending a fit person to investigate 
and report the truth. Zulphur Khan learnt 
the real state of affairs, near and afar, and was 
much afraid that in the event of the truth 
reaching the ears of the already-enraged 
Emperor in detail, his position might be 
seriously endangered. So he hit on a plan. 
He tried to throw the blame of the murder on 
someone else and to stop the heirs from going 
to Delhi by granting them jaghirs round 
Venkatagiri which had been in the possession 
of their forefathers and which was also remote 
from Arcot, for the Nawab much feared to have 
such popular princes by his side at North Mallur 
and could not allow it even for a time lest 
any spirit of revenge should endanger Arcot. 
So he sent envoys to the court of the guardian 
of the princes and succeeded in effecting a 
compromise. He then wrote to Aurangzib 
to say, '' On account of envy and ever- 
increasing malignity, Rajah Bangaru Yachama 
Naidu was treacherously murdered, by Surap 


Singh the defender of Jinji. The heirs left 
behind are young. So I propose that in the 
interests of their safety the boys be placed at 
Venkatagiri and a jaghir granted to them of 
the neighbouring taluks and some more, for 
Venkatagiri has a strong hill-fort and has been 
in the possession of their ancestors." The 
Emperor readily consented and sent through 
the Nawab a Sannad Julu Sen 37, bearing the 
seal and signature of the State Dewan Moor- 
thafur Saheb. The Sannad gave the princes a 
free jaghir of fourteen taluks mentioned below 
with a total income of 101,364,625 dams or 
Rs. 25,32,615-10-0. The taluks are— 

The four taluks of Sarwapalli, Nellore, 
Rapur and Venkatagiri in Sarwapalli Sarcar. 

The six taluks of Kalahasti, Satyaneru, 
Chenur, Gudur, Thirupati and Sagutur in 
Chandragiri Sarcar. 

The three taluks of Vishnukanchi, Karan- 
gudi and Mosaravaka in Kanchi Sarcar. 


The one taluk of Poonamallee in Thirupa- 
chur Sarcar. 

The Sannad conferred on them besides the 
hereditary titles of Shash Hazari Mansab and 
Shash Hazari Sawari Mansab. This was soon 
communicated to the guardian of the boys, 
who were then taken to Venkatagiri and the 
elder brother was duly anointed and installed 
Rajah of Venkatagiri in 1695 A.D. as a boy 
of six years. 

Kuniara Naymia. — Soon after, the Nawab 
himself promised the younger brother, 
Kumara Nayana in his Julu Sen 43 Sannad 
bearing the seal of his minister Muhammad 
Shaffi Khan, a free grant or jaghir of nine 
taluks, viz., Dupadu, Udayagiri, Addanki, 
Podili, Darsi, Karempudi, Pellur, Arikatla 
and Kotcherlakota in the North of Nel- 
lore district, yielding an annual rental of 
16,725,000 dams or in Rs. 4,18,125, if he could 
defeat the unruly heads of these taluks, 
who had declared themselves independent of 


the central authority at Arcot, and annex 
these taluks. Kumara Nayana started at once 
right gladly, easily defeated the Jaghirdars 
and extended sway over these taluks with his 
seat of government at Kurchedu. 

The public life of Kumara Nayana at 
Kurchedu needs some mention. The three 
places of Pellur, Darsi and Kotcherlakota 
were well fortified and the strongholds of 
Pellur and Kurchedu were by far the 
best. In all these places, large palaces with 
spacious halls and big gateways were arranged. 
In Kurchedu itself his capital, a temple was 
built and idols set up in it, in the likeness of 
his parents and sisters who died at North 
Mallur. The daily worship in these temples 
continues to this day. 

Then came the unexpected end of his earthly 
existence. Before his death he sent for his 
elder brother and handed over his taluks to 
him as he had no sons to succeed. Thus these 
taluks also passed to the Venkatagiri Estate. 


General. — Rajah Sarwagna Kumara Yacha- 
ma Naidu Bahadur was restored to the 
Estate of Venkatagiri in his sixth year and he 
lived to an age of 59. In his private life he 
felt very much attached to his brother who 
not only contributed to the extent of his 
Estate, but rendered invaluable assistance 
in the battlefield by defeating all their ene- 
mies. He married four wives Butchamma 
and Akkamma of the Damara family, and 
Ammakkamma and Bangaramma of the 
Jupalli household, and had two sons noted 
above. He was not only a good warrior and 
an able statesman, but was also very fond of 
learning and ranks first among the Rajahs 
that charitably devoted several villages as 
agraharams in the name of God and Religion. 

Military. — First among the military ex- 
peditions must be mentioned, the several 
instances of assistance rendered to the Nawab 
of Arcot, Dhawlat Khan Bahadur in his wars 
in the Carnatic. 


In (Hizri 1112) 1702 A.D., he helped 
Dhawlat Khan in his campaign against the 
Rai of Vellore. In (Hizri 1124) 1714 A.D., 
when the Nawab was engaged in a war 
against Mysore, he again sought for the 
Rajah's help. Lastly in (Hizri 1126) 1716 A.D., 
the Rajah marched with a large army to the 
help of the Nawab when the latter was 
engaged in a deadly fight with Jayan Singh 
of Jinji. These are recorded in the history of 
Syed Thulla Khan known as Syed Namah. 

Next comes the event of Makaraju Varu. 
Once the Makaraju rulers of Karvedu proudly 
adopted the use of white Nishan, which was 
granted to the first member of this line by 
Ganapathi Rai, the Emperor of Vijayanagar 
as a mark of special distinction, and which 
honour had since belonged to the members of 
this line as a monopoly. So when the Rajah 
heard this, he made preparations to fight, 
and Makaraju overcome with fear came to 

terms and concluded peace by thenceforward 
colouring his Nishan. 

On another occasion the Rajah had been 
absent in the Nizam's dominions at the request 
of the Nizam, having left the management in 
the hands of the eldest son. The younger son 
then quarrelled with his brother and retiring 
to the taluks in the north advised the people 
there to withhold paying rent to his brother. 
The elder at once wrote to his father who 
hastened to Kurchedu and chastised his son 
for the unbecoming behaviour. Then the 
enemies of the Rajah, who were the cause of 
sowing such seeds of disaffection between the 
brothers next came to the father to try their 
skill in that direction, but the father soon 
understood their real motives and thought to 
punish them, when they escaped and rose in 
open revolt. A fight ensued in which they 
were completely routed and the Rajah was 
much praised for his timely courage and tact. 
Literary. — As a man of letters he stands 
unrivalled in his knowledge of both Sanskrit 

Sati Temple at Akkainpei. 


and Telugu. Not only did he patronise a 
Pandit and Poet the famous Appayya Dik- 
shitar in his rendering the Sanskrit Vishnu 
Puranam into Telugu verse but proclaimed 
his own literary talents by composing in 
Sanskrit an Ashtakam and a Churnika both 
in praise of Goddess Gnanaprasunamba of 

Religious. — Next come his religious activi- 
ties. In Kayyur of Venkatagiri taluk, he 
built a village Akkampet, styled so in memory 
of his beloved mother with a big tank and a 
temple near by, and in this temple are set up 
as at Kurchedu, the images of his mothers and 
sisters and worshipped to this date. 

He next built a nice temple in the premises 
of his palace at Venkatagiri, in which Kali is 
daily worshipped. It is said that the Rajah's 
poetic talents were in no small measure due 
to his pious worship of Kali and Her Divine 


Last but not the least, the long list of 
thirty-three agraharams which were granted 
on different occasions, the following being a 
summary : — twelve agraharams from Venka- 
tagiri taluk, nine from Sagutur, four from 
Polur, three from Pellur, four from Darsi and 
one belonging to Podili. 

End. — While organising the administration 
of his Kotcherlakota taluk, the Rajah sud- 
denly fell ill, and when he was arranging 
to return to Venkatagiri, he unexpectedly 
breathed the last in 1748 A.D. 

The eldest son at Venkatagiri having heard 
through messengers news of his father's ill- 
ness was then hastily proceeding to the 
north, when he learnt the sorrowful tidings 
on his way. He therefore hastened all the 
quicker and joined his brother in concluding 
the funeral rites. Thus ended the life of 
Rajah Sarwagna Kumara Yachama Naidu 
Bahadur in his fifty-ninth year and after 
fifty-four years of long and fruitful rule. 

Raja V. Bangaru Yachama Naiclu Bahadur (24th Generation). 



Twenty-fourth Generation. 

Rajah Sree Bangaru Yachama Naidu 

Born 1722 A.D., installed 1755 A,D,, 
died 1776 A,D, 

Rajah Sarwagna Kumara Yachama Naidu. 


=Rajah Bangaru 



Yachama Naidu 

= of 

ihasti Damara 


Chengati Jupalli 



Introductory. — As mentioned in the last 
generation, Rajah Sarwagna Kumara Ya- 
chama Naidu Bahadur had two sons, Bangaru 
Yachama Naidu and Pedda Yachama Naidu. 
The elder son naturally inherited the several 
taluks in the enjoyment of his father at 
the time of his death and began to bring 
them under his proper control. But just 
then disputes arose between the brothers 
and the younger wanted to share certain 
taluks in the enjoyment of his brother. 
Strangely enough affairs underwent a sudden 


change at Arcot also. The Nawab was over- 
thrown by a Senshar Jung, who usurped the 
throne without the knowledge of the Mogul 
Emperor. So the Rajah thought that he 
might get his Sannad renewed by the lawful 
Nawab after one should be appointed by the 
Emperor himself. Meanwhile the younger 
brother Pedda Yachama Naidu, attempted to 
get the sanction and Sannad for the whole 
Estate of Venkatagiri even from the usurper 
at Arcot. Knowing this the elder brother 
approached the Nawab Senshar Jung and put 
forth his claim for the Sannad. The Nawab 
justly decided after a thought that he would 
place the whole matter before the Delhi 
Emperor and wanted both to await final 
orders, advising them in the meantime to live 
in peace at different places. The brothers 
returned accordingly to their respective 
centres and each exercised what control he 
could over the tract of territory that fell into 
his hands and generally continued to quarrel 

with the other as before. It may be remem- 
bered in this connection that even during the 
life time of his father, Pedda Yachama Naidu 
gave trouble to his brother and father by 
putting obstacles in the way of smooth 
management of the Estate, which required 
not only oral chastisement but open conflict 
with the wire-pullers and the same spirit of 
quarrelling for succession continued in his 
veins even during the short period of these 
six years, for the course of events suddenly 
changed and the cruel hand of fate snatched 
him from the world in 1754 A.D., and the 
unlawful Nawab of Arcot was also replaced by 
Walaja Bahadur, under orders of the Emperor. 
Thus Bangaru Yachama Naidu received the 
Sannad for the whole Estate in Hizri 1167 
(1753 A.D.) under seal of the new Nawab 
Walaja Bahadur, and another from the 
Emperor, two years later with the seal of the 
Vizier of Aurangzib Aziphad Dawlah in 


1755 A.D., and was installed the same year 
with Rajah Bahadur and other titles. 

The following incident is recorded with 
regard to this installation. According to the 
social right established so early as during the 
days of the second descendant Prasaditya 
Naidu, under orders of the Emperor Ganapathi 
Rai, making the Padmanayaka Velamas the 
first and foremost in rank, the chiefs belonging 
to the other seventy-six Velama sects, Damara 
Venkatapathi Naidu of Kalahasti included, 
paid the customary respects to the Rajah on 
this occasion by keeping themselves standing. 
Damara Venkatapathi Naidu himself being 
the brother-in-law of the Rajah was allowed 
a seat in the south-east of the hall. The 
Telugu verses composed for the occasion and 
since preserved bear testimony to this fact. 

Before taking up the martial career of the 
Rajah, a brief description of his titles and 
honours. Jupalli Muvvala Naidu, a vakil and 
relation of the Rajah, was sent to the Court of 


the Mogul Emperor Muhammad Azazuddin 
Alangir Sen, son of the Emperor Ahmed 
Shah, and he soon gained the goodwill of the 
Court. By his influence the Rajah got the 
titles of Rajah Bahadur and Pancha Hazari 
Mansab, besides Asal Iza Phalat, which were 
duly communicated in Thajviznamah Julu 
Sen 2 with the seal of Aziphad Dawlah Syed, 
Muhammad Khan Bahadur Jaffar Jung and 
Siphaha Sardar Emperor's Vizier. Muvvala 
Naidu himself was kindly presented the title 
Yeka Hazari Mansab and granted the honour 
of Pan Saddi Sawari. Some time later, Nizam 
Ali Khan Asibja Sen, fourth son of Asibja, who 
was the Nawab of Hyderabad, was highly 
pleased with the valour and military skill of 
the Rajah and recommended him for one more 
Hazari Mansab and thus got for him from 
Jallaluddin, the titles of Shash Hazari Mansab, 
Jhalardar Phalaki and others, which were 
communicated under his own seal Asibja 
Nizam-ul-mulk, Nizam-ad-Dawlah, Mir Nizam 


AH Khan Bahadur Patab Jung, Siphaha Salar 
in Zulu Sen 5. 

Military. — The Rajah was of great help to 
the Nawabs of Arcot and of Hyderabad in 
their different expeditions in the Carnatic. 
The following is an incident which goes to 
prove the fear in which he was held by the 
contemporary chiefs and the respect enjoyed 
by him in the Court of the Nawab. Once 
Matla Varu proudly raised the white Nishan, 
resembling the white Nishan of Venkatagiri 
Rajahs, presented as an exclusive title and 
honour to Prasaditya Naidu by Emperor 
Ganapathi Rai and instantly the Rajah com- 
plained to the Nawab of Arcot resenting the 
action. He said that during the days of his 
father, when Makaraju Varu committed a 
similar breach, his father threatened them 
with battle and got their Nishan coloured and 
that the same procedure of open conflict 
would have to be adopted if Matla Varu 
persisted. Knowing this the Nawab at once 

ordered that the Matla Nishan should be 
bordered red and the same observance 
reported to the Raja. 

Religious. — Those being days of Aurang- 
zib's destruction of the Hindu temples and 
idols, a pious man of Benares had a dream 
that he was ordained by God Siva to take a 
particular idol of His, lying hidden in the 
Ganges to Venkatagiri, and hand it over to His 
devoted follower the Rajah. Next morning 
when the pious man awoke and entered 
the Ganges to have his daily bath, he came 
across, to his great surprise, the same idol at 
the appointed place. So he picked it up and 
travelled with it to Venkatagiri in obedience 
to the Divine Precept. The same night the 
Rajah also had a similar dream at Venkatagiri 
that His Almighty Siva, told him about the 
Brahmin and his arrival with the idol, advised 
him to build a temple in his name, and 
promised him and his descendants all glory, 



happiness and prosperity. The dream repeat- 
ed itself a number of times, and served to 
increase the faith of the Rajah. When after 
a few months the Sadhu arrived, the Rajah 
welcomed him with a fitting reception, and 
installed the idol in a grand temple, built for 
the purpose on the left bank of the Kaivalya, 
in an auspicious moment in 1760 A.D. 

Then the necessary improvements to the 
temple were made. A huge tower at the 
entrance was constructed 82 feet high with 
an imposing gate-way and high compound 
wall. Also a big stone-built hall opposite 
to the main tower with a gold flagstaff, 
Another temple too in the same premises 
for the worship of Sree Kumaraswamy, the son 
of Siva and his two consorts. In 1774 A.D. 
the Rajah dedicated as a perpetual gift, the 
income of a village Chintagunta in Venkatagiri 
taluk, to meet the expenses of daily worship. 

Chief among the other religious endow- 
ments are (1) a choultry built at Nayudupet 

Temple oi Sree Kasi-Viswanalha Swami (Tower S'2 feet high) at X'enkatagiri. 

Built in 1760 A.D. 



and the grant of two villages for its upkeep, 
(2) a choultry and a tank constructed at Ekollu 
of Polur taluk and ever since known as 
the Rajah's (Dora Vari) tank and choultry, 
and (3) the gift of twenty-nine agraharams 
detailed below : — 

Seventeen from Venkatagiri taluk, six from 
Sagutur, four from Polur, one from Pellur 
and one from Podili. 

Not less is the attention bestowed on other 
improvements and buildings in the Estate. 
The main Palace at Venkatagiri was built in 
1775 A.D., and nice-looking palaces were 
also built at Nayudupet and Mannur Polur. 
The rock-fort about eight miles West of Ven- 
katagiri Town was greatly improved. On the 
rock were built two new halls and the 
existing buildings and water-sources repaired. 
Defensive arrangements were made round 
the hill and decent lodgings constructed 
at Penchalu Valley and Palayamkota. On 

account of the frequent Muhammadan raids 
the Estate Treasury was also removed to the 
top of the rock. 

Literary, — The lyrical poems known as 
the ''Five Gems" sung by the poet Kasturi 
Rangappa, in praise of the Rajah is the 
extant evidence of his literary taste. 

As the Rajah had no sons, he took a boy of 
his next cousin Alavalapati Varu, in adoption 
to himself and named him after his father 
Kumara Yachama Naidu. He then attained 
Nirvana in 1776 A.D. His beloved wives 
Papamma and Akkamma accompanied him 
on the funeral pyre and thus ended the 
twenty-second year of his public career at an 
age of 55. 


'I A' 


Raja V. Kiimara Yachania Naidu Bahadur (25th Generation). 



Twenty-fifth Generation. 

Rajah Kumara Yachama Naidu Bahadur. 

Born 1 762 A. D., installedXlll A.D., died 1804 A,D. 

Rajah Bangaru Yachama Alavalapati Varu 
Naidu (24) 

Adopted and named | Kondama Naidu. 
Rajah Kumara Yachama Naidu 
(25) Married— 

1. Kumara Vengak- 


2. Varadalamma. 

3. Bangaramma. | | 

4. Akkalla. Adopted and named 

Rajah Bangaru Yachama 
Naidu (26;. 

Introductory, — Kumara Yachama Naidu, the 
adoptive son of Bangaru Yachama Naidu, 
received the Sannad from the Nawab of Arcot 
Amir Hind Walajah Bahadur and was anoint- 
ed the Rajah in 1776 A.D., in his fifteenth 
year. The Sannad Hizri 1190 (1776 A.D.) 
•conferred on him the right to the nine taluks 
of Venkatagiri, Sagutur, Polur, Manabrolu, 
Pellur, Darsi, Kotcherlakota, PodiH and 
Marella, in the enjoyment of his father at the 
time of his death, and gave him besides the 
titles of Raj Bahadur, Shash Hazari Mansab 
and others. 


Military. — As the *' Nellore District 
Manual " says, the Rajah was the first of the 
house, who was brought into relation with 
the English. In the year 1782 A.D., disputes 
arose between Hyder and the Nawab of 
Arcot, the latter being aided by the English. 
On the request of Hyder AH, the Zemindar 
of Kalahasti went over to his side with an 
army, but the Rajah of Venkatagiri unmindful 
of the prowess of Hyder, assisted the Nawab 
and the English, for which act of kindness he 
received from the Nawab his grateful thanks 
and rich presents in the form of an elephant 
and the precious '' Sasperu Laggi." But 
Hyder got enraged at this, and so in 1782. 
A.D., during the absence of the Rajah in 
Madras, he sent a garrison which pillaged 
the town, and set it on fire along with the 
main palace. But luckily before he started 
to Madras, the Rajah had removed women, 
wealth and valuable record to the Venkatagiri 
Durg, and so they were left uninjured. Soon 

Venkatagiri Mountain-fort (distant view). 


after the damage the Rajah returned and 
rebuilt the town and the palace at a great 
cost, which will be described later. 

In 1790 A.D. he helped the Nawab and the 
English in a war with Tippu Sultan, the son 
of Hyder, and then got from His Excellency 
the Governor of Madras a reward of 200 
muskets and an '' Inayat Namah," dated 17th 
August, 1790, in appreciation of the valuable 
help given. Just then a dispute arose be- 
tween the heads of this Estate and of Kala- 
hasti as to priority in the matter '' Nagara 
Kuchi " (the first drum in battle), the Governor 
of Madras decreed after full inquiry into the 
prevailing custom, in favour of Venkatagiri. 

Again in 1799 A.D., when the troops of 
Asabja Bahadur, Nawab of Arcot, and those 
of the English were marching through his 
Estate the Rajah displayed true loyalty by 
sending ready and ample supplies to the 
English army and then received from His 


Excellency Lord Mornington, his appreciation 
and thanks. 

It was now in the year 1802 A.D., that 
when the Nawab of Arcot renounced his 
throne in favour of the English, a Permanent 
Settlement was made with the ruling Chief of 
Venkatagiri, and an '' Isthimiral," dated 24th 
August, 1802, was issued to the Rajah, fixing 
an annual Peishkash of Rs. 4,44,232, which is 
the sum total of Rs. 86,692, that was being 
paid to the Nawab of Arcot as annual tribute, 
and Rs. 3,57,540 fixed as the cost of Military 
Maintenance taken over by the English. 
When Lord Clive saw the wilHng consent of 
the Rajah to the terms proposed, he sent him 
as a sign of appreciation and reward a preci- 
ous ''Kalaggi Saspesh " and many rich 
presents. It is also in the same year 1802 
A.D., that as a result of the Queen's Procla- 
mation, the Rajah (and his successors ever 
since) had been deprived of the powers of 

Sati Ttmple at Venkatagiii, 


Civil and Criminal Administration, these 
powers being taken by the Government. 

Religions. — The first act of the Rajah was 
to build a temple in the name of his mothers 
who faithfully sacrificed their lives on the 
funeral pyre. Statues of the parents (almost 
life-size) had been prepared and set up in a 
temple out of reverence and to this day they 
are worshipped daily and consulted for advice 
and guidance on important occasions after 
due invocation. The shrine is called the 
shrine of Veera Mathalu, which means heroic- 
mothers, and the Rajahs annually visit the 
temple on the day before Car Festival, and 
so forth. The permission of the mothers is 
also taken on occasions of marriages or long 
absence from the town. The temple is 
situated just at the entrance into the town. 

Several improvements were also made in 
the main Viswanatha temple in the town. 
A new shrine of Swarneswara was set up in 


memory of his revered father. A huge stone 
pillar 64 feet in height is the standing wonder 
in the temple. It was prepared and got up 
with great labour and expenditure. Much 
wealth was spent in making arrangements to 
God Viswanatha, Goddess Annapurnamma, 
and Son Kumaraswamy. A big car 55 feet 
high, a sixteen pillared Mandapam with 
stairs, a court-hall with as many pillars within 
the temple, a gold Bull with a gold Vimanam 
or covered seat for Siva ; another car equally 
high with a stone Mandapam beside, a court- 
hall of stone within the temple, a silver Lion 
with a silver Vimanam thereon for the 
Goddess ; a third car and another hall for 
Kumaraswami ; besides valuable jewels, other 
Vahanams or carriers, and halls in common. 
Having thus arranged all these, he dedicated 
three different villages for these temples to 
meet the daily expenditure. It is he who 
organised the ten days' annual festival for 
Siva, and other festivals also. 



Stone-pillar, 64 feet high, in the temple of Sree Kasi-Viswanatha Svvami, 


Car-festival of Sree Kasi-Viswanatha Swami. 


During his time were given the largest 
number of agraharams, villages as charity as 
many as seventy-four besides those already 
mentioned. The following is a brief list : 
twenty-eight agraharams from Venkatagiri 
taluk, six from Polur, thirteen from Darsi^ 
nine from Kocherlakota, two from Sagutur, 
four from Pellur, five from Podili, and seven 
from Marella. 

Nor were the interests of the other religion- 
ists in his Estate lost sight of in any way. 
For the Muhammadans was constructed at a 
great cost and close by his own Palace, a 
huge mosque which is still as new in 
appearance as ever before. 

Almost equal in importance are the general 
improvements of his time of a more or less 
public nature. First the rebuilding of the 
town after Haider's mischief. The town- 
planning and reconstruction are well recorded 
in the Telugu history in verse-form. On his 
return from Madras, the Rajah found that all 


except the first storey of his Palace had been 
burnt down. So he got them rebuilt on quite 
a new plan ''The Harem" or lady-quarters, 
the entrance-hall, the visiting-hall, the court- 
hall, the puja-mahal (the place of worship) and 
so on. Big bungalows were built in and near 
the main pleasure-gardens of Langarkhana. 
The four main streets of Venkatagiri were 
nicely planned and completed, and the local 
pond of Polisetti (the chief drinking-water 
source) was well repaired and steps neatly 
built. The State Palanquin ''Jala Dhar " 
which was presented to his father by the 
Delhi Emperor was gradually going to decay. 
So it was repaired and highly supplemented 
with gold work. A six-pillared gold Ambhari 
was newly made. 

Literary and Miscellaneous. — The Rajah's 
literary fame is remembered by three pro- 
ductions of his day. First, the nine lyrical 
gems composed by the same poet Kasturi 


Rangappa of his father's time. Pattabhi- 
ramaiya dedicated his Lilavati Dankatam 
to the Rajah, and so to Narayanappa his 
Yekshaganam of Parijatapaharanam. 

As he had no sons, he took the son of his 
brother, Alavalapati Kondama Naidu in 
adoption to himself and named him in memory 
of his father Bangaru Yachama Naidu. Not 
long after he left the world in his forty-second 
year, after a fruitful career of twenty-eight 


Twenty-sixth Generation. 

Raja Sree Bangaru Yachama Naidu 

(Born 1791 A.D., installed 1804 A.D., died 1848 A.D.) 

Papamma of = Rajah Sree Bangaru = Ammakkamma. 
Jupalli family Yachama Naidu. , 

(26) I 

I I I 

Rajah Sree Yidwat Rajah Sree Daughter. 

Kumara Yachama Kumara Yachama 
Naidu. Naidu. (27) 

Private Life and Character. — The Rajah's 
eldest son Vidwat Kumara Yachama Naidu 
was requested by Lakshma Rao, the father's 
father of the present Rajah of Jatprole to be 
given in adoption as his own son ; but the 
father declined. Unfortunately, the boy died 
on account of sickness in his nineteenth year 
even after his marriage. Thus his second 
son became heir. 

The Rajah was fond of horse-riding and 
hawk-hunting, but his chief pride lay in 

Public. — The Rajah assumed charge of his 
Estate in 1804 A.D., when he was but a boy 

Raja V. Bantam Yachama Naidu r.ahadiir (2(Stli (feneration). 

94 rt 


of fifteen. He was presented the usual Khillat 
and gifts by the Government at the time of 
his installation. Soon disputes arose in the 
household, and his step-mother at the insti- 
gation of some evil-advisors questioned the 
validity of his adoption. She therefore 
claimed ownership of the Estate on the ground 
of an agreement said to have been executed 
by her husband in her favour, and filed case 
No. 294 of 1808 A.D. She claimed besides 
in O.S. No. 295 of the same year right of jewels 
belonging to her and valued at two lakhs. 
Even his mother Kumara Vengakkama Garu 
who willingly adopted him to be her son 
declared the heir illegal on Sastric grounds 
and wanted the Zamin for herself in 
Original Suit No. 44 of 1809 A.D. But the 
District Judge dismissed all these cases 
declaring the adoption quite legal and the 
suit for jewels incredible. There was also a 
dispute with the Government in case No. 13 
of 1818 of the District Court of Nellore. The 


Government claimed the right of enjoyment 
of two places Pudi and Periyamit belonging 
to the Venkatagiri Estate, because they were 
Inam villages. But the Judge decided against 
the Government and decreed with costs, as 
the annual Peishkash of this Zamin was not 
fixed on income but on terms of military 

Once in His Excellency's Camp at Nelaballi 
in Sagutur taluk the Rajah had an interview 
with H.E. the Governor of Madras, Sir Thomas 
Munro, and he received from him a present 
of an English rapier and other honours. 

He bought the valuable emerald which was 
once presented to Yerra Dacha Naidu the 
fourth member of his line for his victorious 
MiUtary career, but which had subsequently 
reached other hands. The emerald was in the 
custody of the Pittapur Rajahs and now Buchi 
Thammaiya Garu, a member of that line, 
mortgaged it to the Rajah, for a sum of 
money, and when he came back to take it, he 


was persuaded to sell it and the jewel was 
thus retained in the Estate. 

In 1825 he built an Ambari all lined with 
gold in the form of the one presented by the 
Mogul Emperor. He also built the East 
Mahal and other Palaces. 

Religious. — He effected several improve- 
ments in the local temple of Sree Kasi Viswa- 
natha. A mandapam was built for the Utsa 
Vigrahams (idols generally taken out in pro- 
cession). An idol of Kumara Sundareswara 
was also set up in the temple in memory of 
his revered father. Another was erected in the 
north-west corner of the main streets. The 
Silver Elephant and other Vahanams were 
prepared for the festivals. A double-storeyed 
and spacious building was constructed just 
opposite to the temple wherein to locate the 
Vahanams. The Rajah added the temple of 
Kodanda Ramaswami to the existing one of 


He gave as charity eight agraharams for 
the temples and as many as thirty-eight for 

Miscellaneous, — The poet named Sataghan- 
tam Rangaiya dedicated his Hemadri Danda- 
kam to this Rajah. He had as his Dewan, 
Booduri Subrahmanyam who considerably 
improved the income of the Estate. After 
a long rule of forty-four years and in his fifty- 
eighth year, he passed to heaven in 1848 A.D. 
Readers are here warned that the allegations 
and abuses heaped on members of this family 
in a false history of the Velugoti family 
called Velugoti Vari Vamsavali are utterly 
groundless. The book is perhaps due to the 
attempt at Dewan's murder by Chengati 
Varu, failing which they committed suicide. 



Kaja V. Kumara Yachama Naidu I^ahadiir, c.s.i. (27th Generation' 



Twenty-seventh Generation. 

Rajah Sree V. Kumara Yachama Naidu 
Bahadur Varu. 

Born 1831 A.D., installed 1848 A.D., 
died lb92 A.D. 

Hangaru Yachama Naidu = Ammakkamma. 


I I 

Akkalla = Jupalli Dharma Naidu. Kumara Yachama Naidu. 

Being aged only seventeen at the time of his 
father's demise, the management was left in 
his hands and the matter reported to the Dis- 
trict Collector of Nellore. The same year the 
formal Installation took place and he received 
the honour of Government Khilat. 

In 1854 he celebrated with great pomp the 
miarriage of his sister Akkalla Garu with 
Jupalli Dharma Naidu Garu. The next year 
saw his marriage with Lakshmi Narasamma 
Garu, daughter of Vellanki Surya Rau, Zemin- 
dar of Tiruvur, which took place at Venkata- 
giri with usual pomp and presents. 


It was in the year 1860 that the minor Rajah 
of Pittapur paid a halting visit to Venkatagiri 
on his return from Tirupathi. In January 
1871 the Rajah of BobbiU came to Venka- 
tagiri and requested the Rajah Bahadur to 
grant his third son Rangamannar Krishna 
Yachendra in adoption. The request was 
complied with, and the adoption ceremony 
was duly performed with a present of valuable 
jewels and an elephant and two horses with 
ornaments by the father. In 1873 while on 
his way to Bobbili to see his son, he received 
a message from the Rajah of Pittapur reques- 
ting him to hand over the second son in 
adoption to him. The consent was given and 
similar observances made in this case also. 

The year 1875 witnessed some important 
marriages. The first was the marriage of 
Pittapur s adopted son with a sister of the 
Zemindar of Nuzvid, Narayappa Rau. The 
Rajah visited both Pittapur and Nuzvid with 
his family and returned with a present to 


himself of two elephants and four horses from 
the Rajah of Nuzvid. The second is the 
marriage of his elder sister Lakshmi Ven- 
kamma with Raja Gopala Rau, son of Rajah 
CheUkani Jagannatha Rau, Zemindar of Soma- 
varam. This took place at Venkatagiri when 
the Raja made to his daughter a gift of 
Rs. 50,000 worth of jewels, of Gopa Naidu 
Gari Palace for dwelling, and of the Muttha 
of Tiruvur in Chingleput district which he 
bought at a price of IJ lakhs ; the third is the 
Royal wedding of his eldest son Sree Raja 
Gopala Krishna Yachendra and Lakshmi 
Venakamma Garu, the second daughter of 
Simhadri Appa Rau, Zemindar of Thangella- 
mudi. It was attended by several friends and 
relatives and Rajah Jagannatha Rau Bahadur 
of Jatprole, was one among the chief guests. 

It was in 1877 that the third ceremony of 
adoption took place, the fourth son Navanitha 
Krishna Yachendra being granted as son to 


the above-mentioned Rajah of Jatprole, with 
the usual presents and formaUties. 

For his personal qualities and skill it may 
be mentioned that he was an adept in the art 
of native gymnastics and hunting. 

Public. — The first event of pubUc impor- 
tance is his attending the installation cere- 
mony of the Rajah of Pittapur. While 
going on his first pilgrimage to Benares in 
1863, he received the invitation. So he halted 
for a time and then continued his journey. 
This first pilgrimage is described in detail 
elsewhere. In 1866 he was granted the title 
of C.S.I, by Her Majesty and the next year he 
was invited to Madras in February by His 
Excellency the Governor and was presented 
the badge in the banqueting hall. On the 
occasion of this visit to Madras came into 
vogue the practice of reception and farewell 
by His Excellency the Governor's Aide-de- 
Camp accompanied by His Excellency's car 
and troops (of Bodyguard) and also the 


honour of visit and return visit with the 
Governor. Also visits were exchanged mutu- 
ally with Azimya Bahadur, the Nawab of 
Carnatic. In Madras a choultry was built 
next to Monegar's Choultry for feeding a 
hundred poor persons and giving alms to 
another hundred every day and the charity 
thus started this year became permanent when 
the Rajah invested a lakh of rupees in Govern- 
ment Securities on 28th June, 1870, for its up- 
keep. The Rajah saw for the first time the 
Rajah Surabhi Venkata Jagannatha Rau 
Bahadur, Rajah of Jatprole in the Nizam's 
Dominions, who had now been to Madras 
and who strengthened the acquaintance by 
paying a visit to Venkatagiri a few days later 
and proving his skill as a rider. The same 
year occurred an incident about the Rajah's 
titular address. He was being addressed by 
the Government for some time past as the 
Zemindar of Venkatagiri instead of the usual 
Rajah and the matter was taken to the notice 


of the Government. Whereupon the honours 
and titles bestowed on members of his family 
by the Delhi Emperors or Carnatic Nawabs 
were scrutinised and proceedings gazetted 
that the Rajah thenceforth be addressed as 
Rajah Velugoti Kummara Yachama Naidu 
Bahadur, C.S.I., Raja of Venkatagiri. This 
order was communicated by the Collector 
of Nellore in letter No. 212, dated 25th July, 
1867. A little later His Excellency the Gover- 
nor-General in Council passed proceedings 
No. 25, dated 19th August, 1867, that 
Panchahasar and Munsubdar be suffixed to 
the title of Rajah of Venkatagiri and this 
matter also was communicated by the 
Collector. All this can be verified with No. 
4203, dated 5th September, 1867, of the 
Gazette of the Government of India. 

In 1869 the Rajah was invited to Madras 
by the Governor of Madras on account of the 
visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of 
Edinburgh. This time also he got the usual 


honours of reception and send-off and ex- 
change of visits with the Governor of Madras. 
He had an interview with the Nawab of Madras 
and another with Salvarjung Bahadur, the 
Prime Minister of Hyderabad. The Rajah's 
interview with Lord Napier, the Acting 
Viceroy in 1872, and his interview with the 
successor a few months later are both des- 
cribed in another place. On 8th September, 
1875, in honour of His Royal Highness the 
Prince of Wales landing in Bombay, grand 
celebrations were held in Venkatagiri and a 
Poor-house was established for feeding and 
clothing the poor. Subsequently he received 
the invitation to go to Madras when the 
Prince came to Madras and he went there 
accordingly followed by his eldest son. Both 
on the occasion of the Prince's alighting from 
the train in Madras and in the Durbar the 
Rajah had his usual honours. He made a 
present to the Prince of an ancient sword, a 
dagger and a copy of his family history. The 


Rajah was presented by the Prince, a medal 
in memory of His Royal Visit to India. It 
must be noted in this connection that in the 
reception meeting of the Prince held at 
Rayapuram, the Rajah had the privilege of 
occupying one of the seven seats reserv- 
ed on the dais of the Prince. The other 
six being His Excellency the Governor of 
Madras. His Excellency the Commander- 
in-Chief, the Maharajah of Travancore, the 
Rajah of Cochin, The Nawab of Banganapalle 
and the Maharajah of Vi jay anagram. All 
other Zemindars and ruling chiefs were 
arranged on the next floor. 

Visits were also exchanged with the Maha- 
rajah of Travancore and the Rajah was thus 
highly honoured in Madras. 

In January 1876 a big bungalow was pur- 
chased on the Mount Road and was well 
improved into Mothi Mahal. 

In 1879 he handed over the administration 
of his estate to his eldest son, Gopala Krishna 


Vachendra Bahadur Varu, who was duly 
annointed and installed the next year. The 
installation was attended by the several sons 
given over in adoption, the relations Vellan- 
kivaru, the Rajah of Jatprole and G. Narayana- 
gajapathi Rao, a Zemindar of Vizagapatam 
district. After this year he visited Benares, 
Bombay and Madras several times. And 
during one of his visits in 1880 he exchanged 
interviews with the Maharajah of Kasi. Items 
of notable and public importance of his time 
are — 

Literary. — The Rajah was not only a great 
patron of letters but was himself too a man of 
letters. He patronised Tharkabhushanam 
Venkatachariar in his composition of Sringari- 
kalpavalli in 1851, and gave him a reward of 
an agraharam by name Vedurugunta in 
Venkatagiri taluk. 

Gopinadham Venkatakavi was a great 
Telugu poet of his court. He translated 


Ramayana of Valmiki ; Krishna Janma Khan- 
dam (the section about the birth of Krishna) 
from Brahmakivarta Puranam and the Bhaga- 
vadgita, from Sanskrit to Telugu verse, and 
dedicated them to the Rajah for which he was 
given as reward, in 1860 the village of 
Perugupalli in Marella taluk of his estate. 
During the celebrations of Sri Rama Navami, 
the anniversary of the birth of Sri Rama, the 
same poet was asked to read out the full text 
of Ramayana and the religious ceremonies 
connected with such general reading were 
duly observed. The Rajah himself wrote a 
book called Gitarthasara Sangraham an 
exposition on Bhagavadgita closely following 
the original text, was also the author of a book 
called Sabharanjani, which is a pamphlet on the 
art of music and dancing, and of another book 
on philosophy called Manassakshi, philosophy 
of conscience. Arrangements were made for 
weekly lectures on this book of philosophy by 
building a house on the bund of Venkatagiri 


pond and making a deposit of 14,000 rupees 
to meet the expenses thereon. Besides, he 
got a treatise pubHshed as a Narhunar which 
treats of the Hunar system of Native gymnas- 
tics. Several other books were also printed 
and published under his kind care besides 
the publication of Ramayanam and Krishna 
Janma Kandam dedicated to him. 

Religion. — The religious charities and acti- 
vities of his time are manifold. In 1855 he went 
with family to Tirupati and on his way back 
he was received by the Zemindar of Kalahasti 
Damarakonda Venkatappa Naidu at Yerpedu 
and was highly honoured. In 1856 he made 
a pilgrimage to Rameswaram. In his for- 
ward journey he halted at Conjeeveram and 
other places of import. At Dhanushkodi a gift 
was made to Gannavaram Anantha Krishna 
Sastri of the village of Kasavareddipallam 
in Polur taluk. A choultry was built at 
Rameswaram for feeding the Brahmin pilgrims 
and on the occasion of the same pilgrimage 


a gold shatagopuram (crown) was offered to 
Viraraghavaswami of Tiruvellore. In 1855 he 
went on a formal pilgrimage to Conjeeveram 
to witness the annual festivity of Varadaraja- 
swami and then made a promise to meet from 
year to year the expenses of the third day Garu- 
da Vutsavam and Hanumanthuseva of the fes- 
tival which had to be celebrated in his own 
name. He also paid a visit to the Siva's 
temple there and made a present of a garden, 
his two other gardens and one peta being 
dedicated to Varadarajaswami. It was in the 
year 1863 that the Rajah started on his first 
pilgrimage to Benares. Certain events con- 
nected with this pilgrimage such as his visit 
to Pittapur at the time of the Rajah's instal- 
lation there and his interview with the Gover- 
nor of Bengal at Calcutta had already been 
mentioned in their proper places. The East 
Coast Railway had not yet been opened. So 
he started on foot and on his way he halted at 
Jagannad. In Benares at the time of his 


plunge into the Ganges some parts of Vinna- 
mala village in Sagutur taluk were charitably 
given to meet the daily worship of Sree 
Viswanadha at Nayudupet. A big choultry 
was built at Hanumathghat for lodging and 
feeding mendicant pilgrims. In the name of 
his revered father an idol of Svarnesvvara was 
set up in the temple of Kedaraswami. He 
next visited Prayag, Matra, Brindavan, Gokula, 
Govardhana and other holy places. From 
Brindavan he returned to Benares with the 
holy feet of Radha Krishna and from 
Ayodhiya he received the holy feet of Sita 
Rama and with these he marched to Gaya, 
on the occasion of the unique ceremony 
known as Gayasradha the annual income 
of Hastakaveri was transferred to the name 
of Sankarlal. With this Ganges water he 
started in 1868 on his second pilgrimage 
to Rameswaram. On his way he presented 
a diamond necklace to Rajamannarswami. 
He reached Dhanushkoti at the time of a solar 


eclipse. While returning, he met the Rajah 
of Jatprole who accompanied him to Kalahasti. 
In 1871, he went to Kasi for the second time 
on the 7th August, and on 11th October of 
the same year he made the third pilgrimage 
to Benares and he visited Harihara, Bombay 
and Poona. He bought two elephants in the 
Fair held at Harihara which was attended by 
His Excellency the Viceroy and the Dewan 
of Nepal. The Rajah had given large sums 
of money to Sri Venkateswara of Tirupati on 
previous occasions and this year he gave the 
village named Maddali in Gudur taluk worth 
30,000 rupees. With the income of this vil- 
lage it was intended to feed thirty people 
every day. In 1872, he went to Benares for 
the fourth time. It was then that he met in 
Calcutta, and had exchange of visits with 
H. E. Lord Napier, the Viceroy, and his suc- 
cessor. This had already been mentioned 
under events of public importance. This time 
he built a choultry in Benares to feed twenty 

J 13 

persons every-day. He also bought the big 
building in Dasa Asvamedha Ghat. In 1876 
in his fifth pilgrimage to Benares he was 
invited by the Governor of Madras which he 
first accepted but he could not subsequently 
attend on account of the great famine in his 
estate. After handing over charge of the 
estate to his son he spent his time mostly in 
visiting such sacred places. 

These several pilgrimages are not only 
numerically important, but bore also good 
result in the form of public charities, religious 
improvements and the like. In 1857, the vil- 
lage of Lingasamudram in Venkatagiri taluk 
was made a free religious endowment to 
Varadaraja Swami at Venkatagiri, besides the 
silver kite and others presented for the 
annual festival. In the chief temple of Kasi 
Viswanatha in Venkatagiri he got two idols of 
Mathrubhutheswara and Sree Rama set up by 
his mother. In 1859 he gave substantial 
help to one of his court pandits Garudachala 



Somayajulu for performing a religious sacri- 
fice known as Athirathra Yagam. In 1861, 
he gave four villages to the four temples of 
Manner Polur, respectively. In 1863, the 
Rajah's attention was turned to the improve- 
ment of the local Viswanatha temple. A 
mandapam, a stone-built hall was built in the 
south-west of the main streets for His 
festival. A silver-plated horse, a peacock, 
and a Yah were added to the list of 
Vahanams. The chariot-ropes were replaced 
by big iron chains. A music-hall (Naupat- 
khana) was also added to the temple. The 
choultries at Nayudupet and Benares were 
soon discontinued as they were not working 
properly and the choultry at Venkatagiri 
improved in their stead. In 1873 and 1874, 
there was the big famine in Bengal, and the 
Rajah being invited to attend the meeting 
held with the idea of affording relief to the 
famine-striken, gave a liberal donation of 
Rs. 20,000. Like his father and grandfather 


he also gave during his life-time ftve villages 
as Endowments to temples and eleven as 
agraharams to Brahmins besides those men- 
tioned already. In 1876 at the time of great 
famine at Venkatagiri he spent nearly one- 
and-a-half lakhs on famine relief works and 
tank improvements in his taluk and thus 
supported the poor. 

The following are some of the important 
suits filed by the Rajah successfully. No. 10 
of 1865, No. 24 of 1872 and Nos. 103 and 
104 of 1873 are four disputes with the 
Zemindar of Kalahasti, in the first three of 
which the Rajah was a defendant and in the 
fourth the plaintift'. They are cases relating 
to boundary and choultry building disputes 
in which able lawyers like Mr. Maine and 
Mr. Norton appeared on opposite sides. The 
cases went through all courts of appeal. 

A few more points from the Modern 
History of Indian Chiefs, etc.. Part II, by Loke 
Nath Ghose, are intended to supplement. 


''On 1st May, 1864, he voluntarily condes- 
cended to offer Rs. 1,800 a year for feeding 
and clothing the patients of the Nellore 
Dispensary. In 1866 he was created a com- 
panion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star 
of India." With a view to impart education 
to the Public, the Rajah had established two 
Anglo-Vernacular schools, one at Venkatagiri 
and the other at Nayudupet, and had them 
in his own management for ten years till 
1872. But on the 1st April of that year, they 
were made over with the buildings and fur- 
niture to the Local Fund Boards, established 
under the Madras Act IV of 1871. The 
Rajah is an excellent Telugu scholar and has 
produced two philosophical works in Telugu 
prose Githartha Sangraham and Saramsa 

A short description of the Venkatagiri 
Estate in general and of Venkatagiri town 
in particular will not be out of place in this 
history. This Estate is one of the oldest in 


India. It is mostly situated in Nellore dis- 
trict of the Madras Presidency. It is bounded 
on the east partly by the Bay of Bengal 
and partly by certain Government tracts of 
Nellore district, on the south by Kalahasti 
Zemindari, on the west by the Eastern Ghats, 
lying as boundary between Nellore and 
Cuddapah Districts, and on the north by 
Kurnool and Guntur Districts. The Estate 
•comprises two divisions, northern and south- 
ern, each consisting of five taluks. The 
taluks of the southern division are Venkata- 
giri, Sagutur, Mallam, Polur and Manubole, 
and those of the Northern Pellur, Podili, 
Darsi, Kocherlakota and Marela. Each divi- 
sion is in charge of a Peishkar, while each 
Revenue Taluk is managed by a Tahsildar with 
his Sheristadar, Revenue Inspector and other 
staff. The Dewan's Offtce with a Manager, 
and a Dewan is at the head of the whole 
management. The extent of the Estate is 
about 2,1 17 square miles. There are about 800 


villages, belonging to the Estate proper, 625 
hereditary enjoyment villages, 215 Agra- 
harams or Shrotriems, 10 Amarams or personal 
Inams and 12 temple Agraharams. The total 
income comes to about eleven lakhs, of which 
one lakh and seventy three thousands come 
from Agraharams, of which Rs. 19,000 go 
to the temples. The annual Peishkist is three 
lakhs and sixty-nine thousands and with road- 
cess and other charges the total amount 
due to the Government is about four lakhs 
and forty thousands. This amount is much 
more than that of other Zemindaries as in 
this case it has been fixed on terms of 
Military Tenure. The Swarnamukhi, the 
Musi and the Gundlakamma flow through 
several parts of the Estate. The chief 
products are corn, cholam, varigi and castor- 
seed. There were some ancient stone fortifi- 
cations here and there but they had all 
gone to decay, and only relics are seen in 
places like Pellur, Pothakamur, Kurchedu 




Venkatagiri Mountain-Fort [near-view). 

Town-Hall at Venkatagiri. l<^oiind at ion-stone laid by H.E. Sir Mountstuart Elphiubtone 
(irant Duff, c c.i.k, on 22ncl July, 1883. 



and Kocherlakota. Venkatagiri taluk is rich 
in forests, the main variety of country wood 
being chandanam and yepa. 

Venkatagiri town is the Headquarters of 
the Rajah and the capital of the Estate. It is 
nearly 100 miles north-west of Madras and 
50 miles south of Nellore. Eight miles to the 
west of this town is situated on the hills a 
strong Durg. On it are built some Palaces 
and Water-sources. In the ancient days of 
fighting it was the seat of all records and 
treasury. It was also a place of shelter for 
Zenana ladies. Some buildings on the Durg 
had been repaired from time to time, and they 
are visited in summer for the cool weather by 
members of the Royal Family and Europeans. 
The name of the Durg is Kalimili Durg. 
Venkatagiri itself had a fort in the olden days 
and what now remains is a trace of the filled- 
up ditch. That part of the town is still called 
Pathakota meaning 'the Old Fort.' There 
were several big cannons in the possession of 


the Rajahs, but they had all been removed 
except four which are retained for honour and 
show. The town extends one mile south of 
Pathakota and is half-a-mile across from east 
to west. A stream popularly known as the 
Kaivalya flows close by to the east and 
another the Versh bounds it on the north. 
In the west of the town there is a fresh water 
pond named after its founder Polisetti who 
lived 200 years ago. That is the main source 
of fresh water-supply for the townsmen. It 
was considerably improved by the heads of 
the Estate and is now in charge of the Local 
Board. Floating festivals are conducted in it 
annually. In the heart of the town are 
several nice buildings and Palaces. The 
Rajah's Palace is the first. It is called Indra 
Mahal. Even within its premises are situated, 
besides the Harem and Durbar Hall other new 
halls and extensions, certain offices, such as 
Taluk Office, Bakshi Office and Treasury 
Office. Around the Palace are other construe- 

l-:uiopean Guest-House, buill 1870 A.D. 


Temple of.Sree Varadaraja Svvanii at Venkatagiri. 


tions such as Nawpat-khana, Bara-Bungalow 
and Garidi-Mahal. The other palaces are Taj- 
Mahal belonging to the late Raja Venkata- 
krishna Yachendra, Raj-Mahal owned by the 
late Rajah Muthukrishna Yachendra, South- 
Mahal belonging to Sree Raja Inuganti 
Venkata Rayaningar, the Palace in the bazaar 
street belonging to Sree Raja Chelikani Jagan- 
natha Rao, and the Dewan's Office. The 
Government Offices in the town are the Sub- 
Magistrate's Office, the Sub-Registrar's Office, 
the Post and Telegraph Office and the Police- 
Station. The Local Fund Hospital of the late 
Sree Raja Venkatakrishna Yachendra, the 
Boys' High School of the late Sree Raja 
Muthukrishna Yachendra, Government Girls' 
School, Poor-House belonging to the Samasta- 
nam, and the Gosha Hospital recently built by 
the present Rajah Lieut. Sir V. Govindakrishna 
Yachendra, are the chief charitable institutions 
of the kind. The other buildings of interest 
in the Town are the Jubilee Rest-house, the 
Rajah-Nivasa-Bhag and Gymkhana, and the 


Khas Bungalow generally used as rest-house 
for distinguished European guests. One 
attractive feature of the town is the big and 
beautiful gardens by which it is surrounded. 
The Langarkhana gardens in the north, the 
Khasa gardens in the south, the Gymkhana 
gardens in the south-east, and the Venu 
gardens in the east are among the chief. The 
Gymkhana round and the Polo ground form 
the chief play-grounds for sports and games. 
The numerous temples of the place and the 
arrangement of their annual festivals, one 
every month prove beyond doubt, the religio- 
sity of the Town. SufBce it to say that the main 
temple of Siva is that of Sree Kasi Viswanatha- 
swamiandthatof VishnuSree Varadarajaswami 
and Sree Kodanda Ramaswami. The daily and 
periodical worships in the temples take place 
very regularly in account of the well-arranged 
system. The total number of houses accord- 
ing to the last census is about 3,000 including 
the several Rama-Mandirams and Mandapams, 
and the population about 12,000. 

Maharaja Sir V. Rajagopala Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, g.c.i.e. (28th Generation; 



Twenty-eighth Generation. 




{^Born 2^th November, 1857, tJistalled '6rd March, 1879, 
died 2Zrd July 1916.) 

Private life. — The Maharajah's life is one 
of the most glorious, eventful, long and 
prosperous in the History of Venkatagiri 
Rajahs. Having assumed charge of the Estate 
even in his twenty-second year, from his 
father who peacefully led a life of retirement 
in Madras, he evinced from that young age 
great tact and natural capacity for adminis- 

He first turned his attention to building nice 
and spacious halls in and around his Palace. 
He also constructed many decent houses in 
and outside the Town of Venkatagiri. The 
first in order is the Indra Mahal which will be 
dealt with later. Next the two buildings at 


the main and sub-entrances into the Palace. 
Around the Palace, the present Dewan's Office, 
the Library and Vinodasala are the chief. 
The Town-hall in the south-east part of the 
town with the Dewan's lodgings opposite to 
it, and the Jubilee Rest-house near the Rail- 
way station are the noteworthy new construc- 
tions. But several others had been consider- 
ably repaired and improved during his time, 
as for instance, the Bara Bungalow near the 
local pond, and the several Bungalows at 
Palayamkota, Venganagaripalle and Ginkala- 
bavi, frequently resorted to for hunting. In 
leaving behind such excellent constructions 
he only followed the example of his father, 
whose interest in domestic arrangements was 
very keen. 

One feature of his life is his love of hunting. 
He not only paid his seasonal visits to the 
forest, but even invited and entertained other 
Zemindars and big Officers in this game. It 
was in 1882 that at the request of that 


Zemindar he went on a huntinp^ excursion 
to Kalahasti and the same year the Rajah of 
Kalahasti paid a return visit during the days 
of the local annual festival. 

Public. — The public life of the Maharajah is 
very varied and illustrious. It may be divided 
into three heads in his relations with (1) the 
Local Government, (2) other Zemindars, and 
(3) the people. 

(1) His dealings with the local Govern- 
ment may again be treated under two heads : 
Pre-war and War periods. His policy was 
at all times one of unswerving loyalty to the 
British Raj. With him patriotism and loyalty 
were synonymous, and he understood, better 
than any, that real welfare of India depended 
upon the British connection and support. 
Taking the Pre-war days ; in 1883, he invited 
the then Governor of Madras Sir Mount Stuart 
Elphinstone Grant DufI to Venkatagiri, and 
got him to lay the Foundation Stone of the 
Town-hall on the 22nd July. The place has 


since been very useful for public gatherings 
and also as a rest-house for native officers on 
tour. It was also at the time of the same 
visit, that the Indra Mahal which was begun 
to build in 1880 was declared duly opened 
by the Governor. Five years later, another 
Governor of Madras, Lord Connemara, was 
invited to plant the Foundation Stone of the 
Victoria Jubilee Bungalow near the Railway 

During the visits of His Excellency the 
Viceroy and His Royal Highness the Prince 
of Wales to Madras, the Maharajah was 
r.-* _^resent to accord his hearty welcome. In 
^ 1903, he attended the Durbar held at Delhi 
in connection with the Coronation of His 
Majesty King Edward VII and was the distin- 
guished recipient of the Durbar Medal. In 
memory of that Coronation, he built at Venka- 
tagiri the Edward Hall and made a gift of 
it to the enlightened public with the name 
Venkatagiri Club. But in 1911, at the time 

Indra-Mahal at Veiikatagiri. Opened by H.E. Sir Mountstuart Elphiiistone (3raiit Duff, 

G.C.I.E., on 22nd July, 1883. 


Victoria jubilee Rest-I louse. 
Foundation-stone laid by H.K. l-onl Connemara, c.c.i.i:., on 10th November, 1886. 



of the next Coronation, that of His Majesty- 
King George V, the Maharaja who could not 
attend Delhi on account of certain circum- 
stances, celebrated the Durbar-day with all 
splendour and munificently spent a lakh of 
rupees in distributing as charity to the poor, 
some poor relations and charitable institu- 
tions, such as the local temples and the High 
School at Nellore. 

On all occasions of his visit to Madras, he 
enjoyed the customary honour due to mem- 
bers of his family of being received or escorted 
by five troops of His Excellency the Governor's 
Body-Guard followed by the Governor's Aide- 
de-Camp. He had also the exchange of visits 
with the Governors of Fort St. George. He had 
been nominated to the Madras Legislative 
Council on two occasions. He was dubbed a 
K.C.I. E. in 1888, honoured with the personal 
distinction of a Maharajah in 1910, and another 
personal title, the crowning point of his 
honours G.C.I.E., on the 1st January, 1915. 


' In 1910 he played a great part in the 
formation of the Imperial League to combat 
forces of unrest among the people. Soon 
after the War broke out, he was the first 
Zemindar who made on 27th August, 1914, a 
voluntary contribution of three lakhs of rupees 
to the Madras War Fund and at the same 
time made a solemn promise to place all the 
resources of his Estate at the disposal of the 
Government for the conduct of the War. He 
also made many other contributions to the 
Prince of Wales War Fund, Viceroy's Imperial 
Fund, Lady Pentland's Women Relief Fund 
and St. John's Ambulance Corps besides 
subscribing Rs. 500 per month till the end of 
October, 1915, and Rs. 1,000 thereafter for 
the maintenance of the Madras Hospitalship. 
In 1915, he gave a further sum of Rs. 15,000 
for the purchase of two Ambulance Motor 
Cars. It is a pity that he did not live long 
enough to see this successful termination of 
the War. 


(2) His public life, with regard to the 
other Zemindars of the Presidency is closely 
connected with the History of the Madras 
Landholders' Association, which is too well- 
known to need any elaborate treatment. 
With a view to guard the interests of the 
landed Aristocracy of the Zemindars on the 
one hand, and afford an easy medium of con- 
sultation or representation by the Local Gov- 
ernment on the other, the Association was 
started on the 23rd July, 1890, and he was its 
President to the end of his life. The objects of 
the Association are best defined from the pen 
of the Maharajah himself in his address to 
His Excellency Lord Pentland, Governor of 
Madras, requesting him to lay the Foundation 
Stone of the building. " The watchword of the 
Association has been from the beginning 
unfaltering loyally to the British Throne and 
earnest co-operation with the (lovernment. 
As one who took an humble part in its 
inauguration and has since been officially 



connected with it, I am glad to be able to say 
that it has amply justified the expectation of 
its friends and well-wishers. It has earnestly 
devoted itself to forward the cause of Law and 
Order, further the welfare of the landholders 
and promote a spirit of friendliness and unity 
among them." He spent no little time and 
attention on its proper growth and usefulness. 
He erected a handsome building at a cost of 
more than Rs. 60,000 and made a free gift of 
it to the Association to form a regular pre- 
mises for its deliberations. The laying of its 
Foundation Stone in January, 1916, and the 
opening of the building in March, 1917, were 
both conducted by the then Governor of 
Madras, Lord Pentland, who paid a warm 
tribute to the Maharajah's glory and character. 
It is needless to say that the Maharajah's 
untiring efforts in the Association as well 
as his influence in the Council Chamber 
contributed a good deal to the framing of 
the Impartible Estates Act, a boon to all 


Zemindaris, as also the Estates Land Act 
in its present form. 

(3) His public and private charities were 
very many, in addition to those already 
mentioned under visits of Governors, Corona- 
tions and War. First in the series comes 
the donation of one lakh of rupees in 1885 
for the construction of the Victoria Gosha 
Hospital in Triplicane, Madras, which institu- 
tion has ever been doing very good work in 
restoring health to women. The second is 
his handsome donation of Rs. 8,000 to the 
Madras Gymkhana for the construction of a 
building in the Island. He gave Rs. 20,000 
for the building, and invested Rs. 50,000 
as permanent Fund for the Venkatagiri 
Rajahs' High School, Nellore. Rs. 25,000 
was given to the Hindu University, and 
Rs. 10,000 for the formation of the Telugu 
Academy. Besides Rs. 38,700 distributed 
among the distant members of his family 
at the time of the Coronation in 1911, and 


included in the lakh of rupees noted above, 
he gave Rs. 30,000 to each of the three sons 
of his second sister, and Rs. 20,000 to the 
grand-son of the elder. He also gave finan- 
cial help of more than three lakhs of rupees 
to his brother, the late Kumara Raja of 
Pittapur for his litigation and maintenance. 

He spent about ten lakhs of rupees in 
purchasing several villages formerly belong-- 
ing to the Kalahasti Estate. He bought 
four Howdahs of English pattern for use 
in processions in his town. 

A few big suits in Court in which the 
Samastanam was involved and came out 
successful are (l)the Thangellamudi Estate 
Inheritance suit, in virtue of which the said 
Estate passed into the hands of the Maharajah, 

(2) Rapur boundary dispute, known as Veli- 
gondala case, which fixed the boundary 
between Venkatagiri and Rapur taluks, 

(3) the Devadayam and Bramhadayam case 
alias Inam case which protected the rights of 


petty Inamdars, and (4) the Pasture-lands 
dispute which gave the right of all pasture 
lands in the Estate to the Zemindar. 

Religions. — The standing religious endow- 
ment of his time is the grant of Kalavalapudi 
Firka to Temple Fund. Before this, the many 
villages that were granted to temples were 
all lying scattered in different parts of the 
Estate, and therefore involved unnecessary 
expenditure and attention in the matter of 
collecting the annual revenue. So he annexed 
all such villages to the Estate and granted in 
return to the Temple Fund the whole of the 
Taluk Kalavalapudi with its equal annual 
rental. At the same time he systematised the 
expenditure and thus arranged for the undis- 
turbed working of the daily worship and 
periodical festivals. This system continues 
to the present day, and is very helpful. 

Close upon his Installation, he built a 
choultry in 1880 at the village of Nannur 
Gollapalli in Venkatagiri taluk, and granted 


it as an Agraharam, called Lakshminara- 
samambapuram in the name of his beloved 

His travels and pilgrimages are too many to 
be detailed here. He travelled from the 
Cape Comorin to the Himalayas, and visited 
almost all the important places of pious or 
public interest. So only a passing mention 
is made of the different important places. 
Among the holy places in the north may 
be mentioned Benares, Prayag, Harihara, 
Ayodhya, Muttra, Brindaban and Jagannath 
in the south Tirupati, Tiruvannamalai, Con- 
jeevarem, Chidambaram, Srirangam, Madura 
and Rameswaram ; the chief towns and cities 
Calcutta, Bombay, Agra, Allahabad, Baroda 
and Bangalore. The Headquarters of his 
brothers Bobilli, Pittapur and Jatprole were 
visited by him more than once. It was during 
his second pilgrimage to Harihara, in 1915, 
that he purchased elephants and horses for 
his estate at a cost of Rs. 25,000. In his 


return visit to the Court of Travancore in 
1910, at the request of the Yuvaraja of Tra- 
vancore, who attended the annual festival at 
Venkatagiri, he was considerably struck with 
the glory of the Idol at Ananthasayanam. It is 
during the same journey that he reached the 
southernmost point of the Peninsula and paid 
his worships to Devi Kanyakumari. 

Literary and Miscellaneous, — His love of 
learning and extensive patronage of literature 
are best evidenced by the Varshasanams, 
annual maintenances granted to Pandits, 
Poets, Artists and Musicians, as also by the 
Rs. 10,000 given to the Andhra Sahitya 
Parishad (Telugu Academy) and by the large 
sum of money spent in the cause of Telugu 
Literature at the time of the heated controversy 
between Classical and Colloquial Systems of 
Telugu. He was particularly fond of Telugu 
Poetry, having been himself a poet of no 
mean order, and more than a score of poeti- 
cal works such as Radhakrishnasamvadam 


(dialogue between Radha and Krishna), 
Sringagara-Padya-Ratnavali (Anthology of 
Lyric Verses), Parts from Bramhakaivartam 
(one of the 18 Puranams), Katha-Sarit-Saga- 
ram (Ocean of Legends) and Sanskrita-Kavi- 
Jivitam (Lives of Sanskrit Poets), were written, 
printed and published with his financial 

After reading all this one would be the best 
judge to form one's own estimate of the 
Maharajah's character with his rare qualities 
of head and heart combined He is described 
in the book on the Ruling Chiefs, Nobles 
and Zemindars of India as '' a prominent 
figure in the Public life of the country. He 
keeps up the traditions of the family by 
encouraging learning, and maintains several 
charitable institutions. He manages the 
Estate very creditably, and is widely known 
for his administrative talents." Be it said that 
he was not only a patron of Literature and 
Art, but was himself a man of Letters. Side 


by side with the support given to English 
education, he encouraged Sanskrit and Telugu 
learning to a full extent. He very much loved 
Music and Dancing, being well-versed in their 
theory. He was held in high esteem by the 
Government in spite of his open criticism of 
public affairs. With his love of Western games 
existed side by side his national ideas in 
athletics and sport. He daily underwent a 
course of Native Gymnastics to the end of 
his life, and gave annual subscriptions to the 
upkeep of the several native gymnasiums in 
the town. Hunting was with him a hobby. 
Though himself a Maharajah his simplicity in 
dress and mode of living was a striking 
example to all that knew him. He was frugal, 
yet charitable to an extreme, and to him 
even charity and religion meant a system. 
His love of humour and sound sense of equity, 
combined with a ready and open criticism, 
while making him an object of terror to all 
wrong-doers, won for him in the end the love 


and esteem of all. He died on the 23rd 
July, 1916, leaving behind him a son and a 
daughter by his first wife, the son being 
blessed with four sons and a daughter. 

Coming to the brothers of the Maharajah, 
among those that went in adoption to other 
Estates, the Kumara-Rajah of Pittapur, born 
in 1858, was deprived of his Estate and so he 
spent his time mostly in Madras. He is 
known for his general good nature and love 
of sports. He died on 5th April, 1914, leaving 
behind him five sons and one daughter. 

The glorious careers of the Rajahs of Bobbili 
and Jatprole can best be known from their 
respective Family Histories. 

Raja Muddhukrishna Yachendra born in 
14th June, 1867, is known by the High School, 
which he maintained at great cost for over 
twenty years till the end of his life. The school 
was originally under the Local Board, and 
was handed over to him on condition of his 
running it on charitable lines and raising 

Venkatagiri Gymkhana Club, established in 1891. 


it into a High School. He had also con- 
siderably improved the temple in his Khasa 
Gardens. He was besides, fond of learning 
and maintained a Printing Press for some 
time, wherefrom many valuable Telugu and 
Sanskrit books were published. He died 
without an heir on 8rd July, 1921. 

Raja Venkata Krishna Yachendra, born on 
26th July, 1870, is remembered by the local 
Hospital, which was built by him at a great 
cost, and was handed over to the Local Board 
with necessary investment. He was a lover 
of hunting and sports and maintained a 
Gymkhana at Venkatagiri with a nice play- 
ground attached to it, he died on 6th April, 
1910, leaving behind him a daughter and his 
brother's son taken in adoption. 

Raja Venugopala Krishna Yachendra, 
born on 11th February, 1874, founded the 
Veterinary Hospital in Madras, and was the 
recipient of a First-class Kaiser-i-Hind Gold 
Medal from the Government of India. He was 


also known for his love oi riding and sports. 
In 1893 he went to England with his brother, 
the Maharajah of Bobbili and had an inter- 
view with His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Wales ; he died unmarried on 25th June, 


Lieut. Sir Raja V. Govinda Krishna Vachendra Bahadur, 
(29th Generation). 

K.C.I.E., A.U.C. 



Twenty-ninth Generation. 


YACHENORA BAHADUR, k.c.i.e., a.-d.-c, 


{Born \5tk October, 1879 and installed 
\st February, 1917.) 

The present Rajah of Venkatagiri expressed 
it as his displeasure that any long account of 
his short public career should be included in 
his Family History. So the following list has 
been compiled with a view to help future 
reference, omitting at the same time all suits 
of the Samastanam, Wills of the deceased, 
and matters of a more or less private nature. 

The Installation ceremony took place in 
1st February, 1917, with due splendour, when 
he received from the Government the usual 
Khillat. It was attended by several distin- 
guished guests, some among them being 
the chief of Ceylon, the Padikura Mudahyar, 
N. D. A. Sibra, Wijaya Singh, J. P. U. P. M. 


and Lama Etanis Wijaya Singhe, the late 
Honourable Rajah of Bobbili, the Rajah of 
Bhadrachalam, the Rajah of Kalahasti and 
leading European officials of the district. 

On the 26th of the same month His Excel- 
lency Lord Pentland, the then Governor of 
Madras paid a visit to Venkatagfiri at the 
Rajah's request, and laid the Foundation 
Stone of the Gosha Hospital proposed to be 
built in the name of Her Imperial Majesty 
Queen Mary to supply a long-felt need and 
remove the suflering of women. 

The next year the Rajah was honoured in 
February with the Second Lieutenancy in the 
Indian Land Force, and underwent training 
for more than a year under the Madras 
Guards. He is the first Indian Rajah who has 
been enlisted in British Regiment. In 1919 
he was transferred to the Prince of Wales 
Leinster Regiment which he had subse- 
quently left owing to its disbandment after 

Queen Empress Mary Gosha Hospital at Venkatagiri. Foundation-stone 

laid by H.l*:. Lord Pentland, v.c, g.c.i.e., on 26th June 1917. 

Building opened by II. i:. Lady Willingdon, c.i., d.u.k., on 20th November 1922. 



the Irish Treaty, and has been re-attached 
to the Madras Guards. 

On the 19th March, 1920, the Rajah was 
raised to the rank of Honorary Aide-de-Camp 
to His Excellency the Governor of Madras. In 
1921 he was nominated as a member of the 
Council of State (which he has subsequently 
resigned) newly opened after the Reform Act 
of 1920, and on 1st January, 1922, honoured 
with the rare distinction of K.C.I.E. 

He extended the size of the Estate by pur- 
chasing several villages, Arthamala, Putheri, 
Kotambedu and others, formerly belonging 
to the Kalahasti Estate, at a cost of nearly a 
lakh-and-a-half rupees. 

He made the following liberal donations 
during the period of the Great War. Besides 
Rs. 25,000 contributed to the War Fund, and 
Rs. 30,000 subscribed for the purchase of four 
Ambulance Motor Cars — two in the name of 
himself to be used in Europe and two in 
the name of the Rani for the use of the sick 


and the wounded in the North-West Frontier 

At the time of his Installation, the Rajah 
gave in November, 1917, another sum of 
Rs. 50,000 for the War Fund. He had also 
continued to subscribe for the maintenance 
of the Hospital-ship, like his father, at the 
same time raising the monthly subscription 
in the name of himself and his family to 
Rs. 1,500. He also bore all costs of recruit- 
ing persons to the Indian Defence Force. He 
himself underwent Military Training, as also 
his eldest son. 

He recruited and sent up persons for Train- 
ing in the Territorials at Trichinopoly this 
year, among whom was included his eldest 

In the interests of higher education in the 
district, he raised the Venkatagiri Rajah's 
High School at Nellore into a Second Grade 


In 1920 he gave a donation of Rs. 50,000 
to the construction of a nice paviUon in the 
Race-course at Guindy with all necessary 
arrangements for Zenana ladies. 

He visited Madras with family on both 
occasions of the arrivals of Their Royal High- 
nesses the Duke of Connaught and the 
Prince of Wales 

In 1917, close on his Installation, he 
improved the Palace with Electrc-fittings 
throughout at a cost of one lakh of rupees. 
He also made the present magnificent ex- 
tension to the Palace in the West, at a great 

In 1921, the marriage of his eldest son, 
Sarwagna Kumara Krishna Yachendra, was 
celebrated with due pomp. The Government 
Khillat was also received. The Kumara Rajah 
with his diligence and application takes good 
interest not only in the aft'airs of his Estate, 
but has been the President of the Venkata- 
giri Taluk Board since 1921. 



The Rajah paid a visit to Jatprole in 1916 
to attend the marriage of the second daughter 
of his uncle and two visits to Bobbili, to 
attend the weddings of the first daughter in 
1917 and of the first son in 1921, of the late 
Rajah of Bobbili. 

Among the pilgrimages made are those to 
Benares, Gaya and Tirupati, when rich pre- 
sents were made in the name of the Deity 
and all religious ceremonies observed. It was 
on the occasion of the pilgrimage to Benares 
that a part of Gollapalli village bought for 
Rs. 1,500 was given in charity to his Puro- 
hits. He also spent about a thousand rupees 
in effecting certain improvements in the 
Venkatagiri Club. 

The following buildings have been pur- 
chased at a great cost and added to the 
Estate, (1) the Raja Gopal Bagh in Banga- 
lore, (2) the Osborne House at Royapettah, 
Madras, and (3) a bungalow in St. Thomas' 


Bronze Statue of the late Maharaja' Sir V. Rajagopala Krishna Yachendra Bahadur, 

G.C.I.E., Unveiled by H.E. the Right Honourable Sir Freeman-Freeman 

Thomas, Baron Willingdon of Ratton, g.c.s.i., g.c.i.e., g.b.e. 



A literary production in Telugu Poetry 
styled Sree Govinda Krishna Yachendra 
Vijayam was got composed in his name deal- 
ing with the subject of his Installation, and 
written by the poet Ratnakara Subbaraju. 

On the 20th of November, 1922, Their 
Excellencies Lord and Lady WilHngdon 
were invited to Venkatagiri, when the Gov- 
ernor unveiled the bronze statue of the late 
Maharajah Sir V. Rajagopalakrishna Yachen- 
dra Bahadur, G.c.i.E., prepared at a cost of 
Rs. 20,000 raised by general subscription, 
and Her Excellency Lady Willingdon open- 
ed the Gosha Hospital built at a cost of 
Rs. 80,000. 

The Rajah is blessed with a loving family 
of four sons and a daughter, and is known 
for his kindness of heart, great charity, love 
of subjects and unalloyed loyalty to the 
British Flag. 



Whereas it has been necessary to the 
preservation of order and good government 
and to the maintenance of the British authority 
in the Zemindaris of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti 
and BommarajupolHem, that the Rajahs of 
those places should be respectively restrained 
from exercising independent power, and 
should be subjected to the established regula- 
tions and laws of the State. Wherefore the 
Right Honourable Edward Lord Clive, Gover- 
nor-in-Council of Fort St. George, has been 
pleased to appoint a British Collector for the 
purpose of residing in the Zemindaris above- 
mentioned and of receiving directly from the 
Zemindars respectively the amount of their 

Be it known therefore to the Zemindars 
aforesaid and to all Talukdars, Polygars, Ryots 
and others residing within the said Zemin- 
daris, that His Lordship in Council has further 



kutam in the name 

ameswara and built 
keswara temple and 
/anabrolu village to 
)Otha samudram 

2swara temple at the 

go tope ... 


and three agraharams 

inams in Podili 


Commander under Prataparudra, speaks 
of other temples. 

Traces geneology from Bhima Reddi, 
describes Ganapathy Rai. 

Yerrakka's, geneology, Ganapathi Rai 

Incomplete, Kakatiyanriparchitam, sway 
over Orangal. 

Kakatiyarajya Stapanacharya. 

Incomplete, almost the same as No. 7. 

Ruled Srisailam to the Vindhyas, mentions 
Minister Pothana. 

Ruled the same Andhra-Desa. 

Geneology from Yerra-Dacha Naidu Rama- 
yanam Commentary in (1427 A.D.) 

Denotes Achyuta Deva Rai's time. 

Different names to father and grandfather. 

In the Oriental Library, Madras, Proudha 
Deva Rai reigned at Vijayanagar, in 
1458 A.D. 


Outline of Inscriptions and Ot tiers. 


; where available. 

1117 S.E. (1195 A.D.) 
1124 S.E. (1202 A.D.) 
1130 S.E. (1208 A.D.I 
1291 S.E. (1369 A.D.) 
1302 S.E. (1380 A.D.) 
1287 S.E. (1365 A.D.) 

1300 S.E. (1378 A.D.) 
1298 S.E. (1376 A.D.) 

Not given. 
1351 S.E. (1429 A.D.) 

1094 A.D. ? 

875 Hizri (1465 A.D.) 

985 Hizri (1575 A.D.) 

1505 S.E. (1583 A.D.) 
1380 S.E. (1458 A.D.) 

Natni Reddi ( 1) of Amanagallu 

Pillallamarri temple, Suryapet taluk 

Orangal, Ayyanabrolu temple 

Mada Naidu(6)of Madhavapuram. 

Madhava Rao (8) of Rachakonda 

Rai of Vijaya- 


Umamaheswaram, near the temple 

Venkatagiri town 

Nagaram, on Nagasamudram tank 

Rachakonda. east of 

Mungodu, with Kanjerla Lakshmaiya. 

Mungodu, with Salvagi Venkayya 

Devarakonda, Kandalavari house 

Podili, in the temple on the Durg 
Ananthapuram, in Siddapuram 

up Nameswara and built 

Stone-inscription, built Rayasamudram 
Stone-inscription, built Anapotha samudram 


northern gate (. 

Sanskrit Book called Singabhupaliyam 

Stone-inscription, built Nagasamudram 

Stone-inscription, built mango tope ... 
Sannad about Inams 

Stone-inscription, declared inams in Podili 
Slone-inscription, about agraharam 

Kakatiyarajya Stapanacharya. 


Ruled the same Andhra-Desa. 

Denotes Achyuta Deva Rai's 

fferent names to father and grandfather. 

the Oriental Library, Madras, Proudha 
Deva Rai reigned at Vijayanagar. in 
1458 A.D. 


been pleased to nominate Mr. George Stratton 
to be Collector of Peishcush. 

Now whereas it has been customary for the 
Zemindars aforesaid to exercise Civil and 
Criminal jurisdiction in their respective 
Zemindaris, and whereas the exercise of 
such arbitrary power by dependent Zemindars 
is contrary to good government, and to the 
respect due to the authority of the British 
Government. It is hereby proclaimed that 
it is the intention of the Right Honourable 
Edward Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council of 
Fort St. George, to establish regular and 
permanent Courts for the administration of 
justice, the security of person and property 
and for the punishment of crimes under 
limited and defined laws to be executed by 
the sole power and authority of the British 
Government. Wherefore the said Zemindars 
of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti and Bommaraju- 
polliem and all Officers and others acting on 
their behalf and by their orders are hereby 


been pleased to nominate Mr. George Stratton 
to be Collector of Peishcush. 

Now whereas it has been customary for the 
Zemindars aforesaid to exercise Civil and 
Criminal jurisdiction in their respective 
Zemindaris, and whereas the exercise of 
such arbitrary power by dependent Zemindars 
is contrary to good government, and to the 
respect due to the authority of the British 
Government. It is hereby proclaimed that 
it is the intention of the Right Honourable 
Edward Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council of 
Fort St. George, to establish regular and 
permanent Courts for the administration of 
justice, the security of person and property 
and for the punishment of crimes under 
limited and defined laws to be executed by 
the sole power and authority of the British 
Government. Wherefore the said Zemindars 
of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti and Bommaraju- 
polliem and all Officers and others acting on 
their behalf and by their orders are hereby 


required to refrain in all time to come, from 
the exercise of Criminal jurisdiction and to 
submit all cases which may hereafter occur 
involving life or limb to the exclusive cogni- 
zance of the said Collector of Peishcush. 

And whereas the Right Honourable Edward 
Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council of Fort St. 
George aforesaid, has judged it expedient and 
proper to institute an enquiry into the internal 
government, history, produce and resources 
of the Zemindaris of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti 
and BommarajupoUiem. Be it further known 
to the Zemindars aforesaid that the said 
Collector of Peishcush has been instructed 
and ordered to enquire into and to take 
accurate accounts of the actual state of the 
Revenue in each taluk, purgannah and 
village, of the exact state of population, 
manufactures and trade, of the soil, climate, 
and natural products of each Zemindari, of 
the former and present modes of administer- 
ing justice, police and law, as well as of the 


Civil, Military and Personal establishments 
of the said Zemindars. Wherefore the said 
Zemindars are hereby ordered and directed 
to take notice of the same and to aid and 
assist the said Collector in the execution of 
these extensive and important duties. But 
if (which God forbid) the said Zemindars or 
their officers acting by their authority, shall 
be found to oppose the progress of the 
necessary enquiries, such a disobedience of 
orders, will subject the offender to the most 
serious displeasure of the British Government. 
In proclaiming then his intentions, the 
Right Honourable the Governor-in-Council, 
judges it expedient to assure the Zemindars 
and inhabitants of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti 
and Bommarajupolliem, of the moderation, 
justice, protection and security which are the 
characteristics of the British Government and 
to invite to a ready and cheerful obedience 
to the authority of the Company in the con- 
fidence of enjoying under the protection of 


public and defined laws, every just and as- 
certained Civil right, with a free exercise of 
Religious institutions and domestic usages of 
their ancestors. 

By order of the Right Honourable the 

(Signed) I. WEBB, 
Chief Secretary to Governmejit, 

Fort St. George, j 
12nd August, 1800. ) 


(2) Proclamation. 

Whereas by a Proclamation bearing date 
the second day of August, 1800, the Right 
Honourable Edward Lord Clive, Governor- 
in-Council, proclaimed to the Zemindars 
of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti and Bommaraju- 
polliem, his determination to subject those 
Zemindaris respectively to the established 
regulations and laws of the British Govern- 
ment ; and whereas for the better execution 
of that intention, it was further proclaimed 
that the Right Honourable Edward Lord 
Clive, Governor-in-Council aforesaid, had 
instituted an enquiry through the channel of 
the Collector into the actual state of the 
revenue of each taluk, purgannah and village, 
of the exact state of population, manufactures 
and trade, of the soil, climate and natural 
products of each Zemindari, of the former 
and present modes of administering justice, 
police and law, as well as of the Civil, Military 


and Personal establishments of the said 
Zemindars; and whereas the Right Honourable 
Edward Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council 
aforesaid, has deemed it to be necessary to 
the further progress of the measures des- 
cribed in the Proclamation aforesaid, for 
establishing the regular administration of 
justice, the security of persons and property 
and the punishment of crimes, that the 
military establishments maintained according 
to usage by the said Zemindars respectively 
for the service of the State should be entirely 
abolished and discontinued for ever. The 
Right Honourable Edward Lord Clive, Gover- 
nor-in-Council aforesaid, has resolved to 
relieve the said Zemindars from the burthen 
and expense of supporting the said Military 
establishments and in conformity to their 
engagements, and to commute the 7mlitary 
services of the Zemindars of Venkatagiriy 
Kalahastiy Bommarajupolliem and Sydapoor 
respectively, for a tribute to be paid in ready 


money in additi07i to their established Peish- 
cush. It is therefore made known and hereby 
proclaimed accordingly that the said Zemin- 
dars respectively have been relieved from 
and after the first day of the current fusli 
year 1212 from the obligation of furnishing 
troops for the service of Government of main- 
taining forts or garrisons and of furnishings 
military stores or implements. 

In consequence of which commutation the 
Right Honourable Edward Lord Clive, Gover- 
nor-in-Council aforesaid, has charged the 
British Government with the protection and 
defence of the Zemindaris of Venkatagiri,. 
Kalahasti, Bommarajupolliem and Sydapoor, 
against all enemies, the possessions of fire 
arms and of weapons of ofifence, having there- 
fore, become unnecessary to the safety of the 
said Zemindars or to the inhabitants of their 
Zemindaris, the Right Honourable Edward 
Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council aforesaid^ 


further proclaims and publishes the determi- 
nation of the British Government to suppress 
the use and exercise of arms and military 
weapons and accordingly requires all persons 
inhabiting the said Zemindaris to discontinue 
the use of such arms and weapons. In order 
that no inducements may be wanting to the 
surrender of muskets, matchlocks and pikes, 
.and in order that no person may be subjected 
by this Proclamation to a loss of his personal 
property, the Right Honourable Edward Lord 
dive, Governor-in-Council aforesaid, further 
proclaims that he has authorized the Collector 
to pay the value of such weapons to the person 
delivering them, at the following rates : — 
For each musket ... Rs. 10 

„ matchlock ... ,, 5 

pike ... „ 2 

But whereas it has been usual for the said 
Zemindars to keep in their pay, for purposes 
of external pomp and personal splendour, 
certain establishments of peons bearing arms, 


and whereas the Right Honourable Edward 
Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council, is desirous 
of complying with the wishes of the said 
Zemindars to the extent necessary to the 
purpose, and consistent with the other objects 
of this Proclamation, public and formal 
authority has been granted to the said Zemin- 
dars respectively to maintain the number of 
peons for the purpose of personal attendance 
according to the register to be kept of the 
said peons in the Cutcherry of the Collector. 
It is unnecessary to assure the Zemindars 
of Venkatagiri, Kalahasti, Bommarajupolliem 
and Sydapoor, that the Right Honourable 
Edward Lord Clive, Governor-in-Council 
aforesaid, in the determination of carrying 
these measures into effect, can be governed 
by no other motives than those connected 
with the duty of providing for the permanent 
tranquillity of the Zemindaris. The Governor- 
in-Council disclaims every wish of subjecting 
the Zemindars to anv humiliation, but the 


■use of arms being no longer requisite under 
the change of the condition of their tenure 
and the discontinuance of that usage being 
indispensably necessary to the preservation of 
regular Government and the increase of pros- 
perity, the Right Honourable the Governor- 
in-Council expects, that the Zemindars of 
Venkatagiri, Kalahasti and Bommarajupolliem 
will relinquish a custom now become useless 
and yield a cheerful obedience to these orders 
in the assurance of enjoying with their 
families, tenants and ryots, under a system 
of defined and public law, every civil right, 
together with the domestic usages and re- 
ligious institutions of their ancestors. 

Fort St. George, j 
2\th August, 1802. ) 

Published by order of the Right Honourable 
the Governor-in-Council. 

(True Copy.) 

Not legible. 
Secretary to Government, 



The Zemindari of Venkatagiri is compos- 
ed of the taluks of — 













(Sd.) J. HODGSON. 

Sunnad-I-Milkiat Istimirar or deed of 
permanent property granted by the Right 
Honourable Edward Lord Clive, Baron Clive 
of Viscount in the country of Falop, and 
Baron Plassy of the kingdom of Ireland, 
Governor-in-Council of Fort St. George 
on the part of the Honourable the United 
Company of Merchants of England trading to 
the East Indies, to Velugoti Kumara Yachama 
Naidu, Zemindar of Venkatagiri. 


1. It is known to you that by the ancient 
constitution of the Government of Carnatic 
you held possession of your Zemindari subject 
to the payment of an annual Peishcush, to the 
discharge of military service and to the pay- 
ment of Nuzzers and fines, that the amount of 
Peishcush and the extent of the military 
service were undefined, and that the amounts 
of the contribution or Nuzzers was deter- 
minable according to the pleasure and en- 
forced according to the power of the Nawabs 
of Carnatic. It is also known to you that the 
Peishcush paid by you was never augmented 
nor the usual Nuzzers exacted from you during 
the time when the administration of the 
Carnatic has been brought under the manage- 
ment of the British Government, that with 
the view of perpetuating to you the secure 
possession and enjoyment of your lands it was 
provided by treaty between the British Gov- 
ernment and His late Highness the Nawab of 
the Carnatic, Mahamad Ali bearing date the 


12th July, 1792, that your dependence on His 
Highness should cease and that you should 
be subjected exclusively to the British Govern- 
ment from that time, accordingly you have 
continued to pay the customary Peishcush 
free from Nuzzers and have enjoyed your 
Zemindari free from demands for Nuzzers 
and all other public charges than that attend- 
ing the military establishment attached to 
the conditions of your tenure. 

2. The British Government having now 
resolved that all the troops to be maintained 
for the protection of the territories subject to 
the Government shall be in the immediate pay 
and service of the British Government, has 
relieved you from the condition of military 
service, from the obligation of furnishing 
troops and military stores for the service of 
the Government and maintaining forts and 
garrisons in all time to come. It has com- 
muted the said military service for an equiva- 
lent to be paid in money by you and your 


3. In consideration of the relief which 
your finances will derive from the relinquish- 
ment of your military service and from the 
discontinuance of the expense to which you 
have on that account been liable, in considera- 
tion also of charging itself with the entire 
protection of the territories dependent on its 
power, the British Government has fixed your 
annual contribution including equivalent for 
military service and the established Peishcush 
for ever at the sum of star pagodas (1,11,058) 
one lakh eleven thousand and fifty-eight, 
which said amount shall never be liable to 
change under any circumstances, and is here- 
by accordingly declared to be the permanent 
annual demand of Government on your 

4. Under the constitution erected by the 
British Government for the security, protec- 
tion and prosperity, of its territories, regula- 
tions will be framed from time to time 
for the improvement of the condition of the 


people, these regulations will be administered 
by independent judges and constituted courts 
of judicature governing their decisions by 
the laws only, the decrees of those courts 
will be founded on the regulations of Govern- 
ment printed, published and translated, for 
the information and security of its subjects, 
and on the institutes of the Hindu or Muham- 
madan Laws which are open to the enquiry 
of all persons, the proceedings of the Adawlat 
will be held in open courts, accessible to per- 
sons of every description, all parties, will be 
at liberty to attend to their own interests by 
their presence in the courts, during such pro- 
ceedings or to employ their Vakils with such 
instructions regarding the mode of prosecu- 
tions or defence may appear to be most eligi- 
ble to themselves, the sentences of the court 
will be pronounced in the same public manner 
and executed by civil authority without the 
interposition of military force. Collectors and 
other public servants of Government, will be 


compelled to answer in the courts of judica- 
ture for all acts done by virtue of their offices 
contrary to the regulations of Government, 
and by which Zemindars or others may feel 
themselves injured and finally the greatest 
practicable degree of security has been extend- 
ed to the native subject of the British Govern- 
ment by the establishment of the gradation of 
appeal from the Zillah Court to the Provincial 
Court, and from the Provincial Court to the 
Court of the Suddar Adawlat at the Presi- 
dency, and in the best resort from the Court 
of Suddar Adawlat to the Governor-General- 
in-Council of Bengal. 

5. The permanent demand fixed by Sannad 
of your Zemindari is exclusive of the revenue 
derived from the manufacture and sale of salt 
and saltpetre, exclusive of the sayer or duties 
of every description, the entire administration 
of which the Government reserves for itself 
exclusive of the tax on the sale of spirituous 
liquors and intoxicating drugs, exclusive of 


all lands and Roosooms heretofore appro- 
priated to the support of Police Establish- 
mertt. The Government reserves to itself the 
entire exercise of its discretion in continu- 
ing or abolishing temporarily the custom and 
practice of the country under these several 
heads above stated. 

6. You are regularly to pay in all seasons 
the amount of the permanent assessment 
above fixed, no remission will be granted on 
account of drought and other contingencies 
of the season, and of which, God forbid, you 
should fail to discharge your engagements, 
your personal property and your Zemindari 
should be answerable for the consequence of 
such failure, but under the terms of assess- 
ment on your Zemindari this event can never 
happen except in consequence of your own 
default, for, the Court of Judicature will 
protect you against such an injury unless 
warranted by your failures. 


7. You shall be at free liberty to transfer 
without the previous consent of Government 
or of any other authority to whomsoever you 
may think proper either by sale, gift or other- 
wise your proprietary right in the whole or in 
any part of your Zemindari such transfer of 
land shall be valid and recognised by the courts 
and officers of Government provided they 
shall not be repugnant to the Muhammadan 
or Hindu Laws or to the regulations of the 
British Government, but unless such sale, gift 
or transfer shall have been regularly register- 
ed at the ofhce of the Collector, such sale, 
gift, or transfer shall be of no legal force or 
effect, nor shall such transactions relieve you 
from the payment of any part of the public 
land tax assessed on your entire Zemindari 
previously to such transfer, but your whole 
Zemindari shall continue to be answerable 
for the total land tax in the same manner as 
if no such transaction had occurred. 


8. Your Zemindari will be liable to be sold 
either wholly or in part in satisfaction of the 
decree of the Court of Judicature, but this event 
under the terms of the assessment can only 
happen from neglect of your own interest 
from extravagance and dissipation to preserve 
your Zemindari from the consequence of 
your imprudence, the Court of Judicature 
will not be competent to entertain suits for 
the recovery of such debts as may have been 
incurred by you previously to your subjection 
to the British authority in 1792. 

9. In the event, however, of the sale of any 
part of your Zemindari, for the liquidation of 
arrears of assessment, or in satisfaction of a 
decree of a Court of Judicature, or in the event 
of the transfer of any part of your Zemindari 
by gift, sale or otherwise, you shall furnish the 
Collector with accurate accounts of your entire 
Zemindari and of the portion of the Zemin- 
dari to be so separated for a period not less 
than three years preceding such sale, or 


transfer in order that the due proportion of 
the public revenue may be fixed thereon. The 
assessment to be settled on the separate parts 
of your lands shall always bear the same pro- 
portion to the actual produce of the separated 
portion as the total permanent assessment on 
your Zemindari bears to the actual propor- 
tion of the whole Zemindari so if the accounts 
to be furnished by you should be correct, no 
partial assessment can happen nor any one of 
the fixed Zumma be ever made under what- 
ever changes or improvements your interests 
or your pleasure may lead you to introduce 
into your Zemindari. 

10. Although you will have free right and 
liberty to transfer by sale, gift or otherwise 
any part of your Zemindari, not repugnant 
to the regulations of Government, yet, it shall 
not be competent for you to form any part of 
your territory into a separate estate paying 
its Zumma directly to Government, unless the 
public assessment on such separate estate 


shall amount to the annual sum of (500) five 
hundred star pagodas and upwards. 

11. In order that you may at all times be 
enabled to comply with the conditions of the 
articles of this Sannad by which you are 
bound to furnish true or correct accounts of 
Zemindari when required by the Collector, 
you shall support the established number 
of karnams in the several villages of your 
Zemindari. The karnams shall be appointed 
from time to time by you, and shall obey all 
regular orders issued by your authority, but 
they shall not be liable to be removed from 
their offices except by the sentence of the 
Court of Judicature. 

12. The Government having entrusted 
you with the police of your Zemindari, you 
shall, so long as this trust shall be reposed in 
you, apprehend and secure offenders of all 
description, and send all such offenders to 
the Magistrate. 


13. You shall enter into written engage- 
ments with your ryots either for a rent in 
money or in kind, clearly defining the amount 
to be paid to you by such ryots individually 
and explaining every condition of the engage- 
ment and you shall grant or cause to be 
granted regular receipts to the ryots for all 
discharges in money or in kind made by them 
to you or for your account. 

14. The foregoing conditions contain an 
abstract of the obligations and duties which 
you shall incur and of the rights which you 
have acquired under the constitution of the 
Government for the British territories of Fort 
St. George. Being therefore sensible of the 
benefits conferred on you by those institutions 
and confident of enjoying the fruits of your 
industry, you shall be punctual in the dis- 
charge of your public engagements, you shall 
conduct yourself with good faith towards your 
ryots whose propriety is inseparably connected 
with you own, your shall treat them with 
tenderness, encourage them to improve and 


extend the cultivation of the land and by the 
foundation of your own happiness in the per- 
manent prosperity of your Zemindari. 

15. Continuing to perform the above 
stipulations and to fulfil the duties of alle- 
giance to the British Government, its laws- 
and regulations, you are hereby authorized 
and empowered to hold in perpetuity and 
your heirs, successors and assignees at the 
permanent assessment herein named the 
Zemindari of Venkatagiri. 

Given in Fort St. George, this twenty-fourth 
day of August, 1802, by and in the name 
of the Right Honourable the Governor-in- 
Examined (Signed) E. CLIVE. 


Head Assistant. „ J. HODGSON. 

Secretajy to Government. 
Entered in the Secretary's OfBce by order 
of the Right Honourable the Governor-in- 


(4) Letter Accomiianying Sannad. 


The Zemindar of 


Under the change of circumstances which 
have occurred affecting the internal tran- 
quillity and Government of the Deccan, the 
British administration has endeavoured to 
direct its attention to the comfort and welfare 
of those who are dependent on its protection 
It is known to you that in conformity to this 
principle, your Peishcush has never been 
augmented, nor the usual Nuzzers exacted 
from you, during the time when the adminis- 
tration of the Carnatic has been occasionally 
brought under the management of the Com- 

2. With the view of perpetuating to you 
and to your posterity the secure possession 
and enjoyment of your lands, it was provid- 
ed by a treaty between the British Govern- 
ment and the late Nawab Muhammad Ally, 


bearing date in the year 1792 that your con- 
nection with His Highness should cease and 
that you should be subjected exclusively to 
the British Government. From that time 
accordingly you have continued to pay the 
established Peishcush free from all demands 
of Nuzzer, and have enjoyed your Zemindari 
free from all other public charge, than that 
attending the military establishments attach- 
ed to the conditions of your tenure. 

3. The prosperous course of events which 
has attended the exertions of the British 
Government to fix the tranquillity of the 
Deccan upon a permanent foundation, has 
rendered it necessary for me to revise the 
state and condition of all the military estab- 
lishments dependent on this Government. 
For this purpose, I directed the Collector of 
the Western Peishcush to transmit to me 
copies of the Sannads in your possession, 
with returns of the troops maintained by you 
in conformity to your engagements. These 


documents have accordingly been furnished 
to me. I observe that none of the instru- 
ments produced by you specify the number 
of troops to be maintained, or the quantity 
of warlike stores to be furnished by you as a 
Munsubdar of the Empire ; but I find by the 
authentic papers transmitted by your authority 
to the Collector the number of armed men 
now actually supported by you amounts to 
(9,788) nine thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-eight ; and that the annual expense in- 
curred by you in money and in lands, on that 
account, amounts to star pagodas (1,27,323) 
one lakh twenty-seven thousand three hundred 
and twenty-three. 

4. It is a distinguishing feature of the 
arrangements I am about to introduce for the 
military protection of these territories that all 
the troops maintained for that purpose shall 
be in the immediate pay and service of the 
British Government ; experience has shown 


this to be the most effectual means of apply- 
ing the resources of the country to the pro- 
tection of the whole, while the improbability 
of danger from foreign enemies under the 
late exertion of those means renders the 
military establishments supported by you 
according to engagement an heavy burthen 
on your resources, without contributing in an 
adequate degree to the military strength of 
the state. It is not my intention by stating 
these observations to depreciate your zeal to 
discharge the obligations of your duty, or the 
merits of the service occasionally rendered 
by your troops in the field, but it is my wish 
that you should be apprized of the grounds 
on which the British Government is proceed- 
ing to reform the condition of your military 

5. I have accordingly resolved that you 
shall be released from that obligation of 
your existing engagements by which you are 
bound to furnish troops and military stores 


for the service of Government, and that you 
and your posterity shall never be hereafter 
liable to demands of military aid of whatever 

6. In consequence of this release, the 
British Government will be deprived of a 
portion of its military resources which must be 
supplied by other means ; and you will derive 
from it an addition to your income equal to 
the amount of the expense of maintaining 
your military establishments. It is therefore 
just that your augmented resources should 
contribute to the support of the State an 
equivalent for the services now relinquished. 

7. The relief your finances will derive 
from the disbandment of your military peons, 
will according to the accounts furnished by 
yourself be equal to pagodas 1,27,323 in- 
dependently of the discontinuance of charges 
for ammunition, military stores, garrisons 
and forts, and independently also of the 
revenue to be produced on the reversion of 


the lai;ids now held by your Ameram and 
Cuttabuddy peons. I have therefore resolved 
to fi:x the equivalent to be paid by you in 
money at the sum of star pagodas 98,327 
exclusively of the established Peishcush ; but 
it being my intention to reserve in the hands 
of the Company the administration of the 
revenues derived from sayer, salt and spiri- 
tuous liquors, I have deducted from your 
commuted equivalent, the total amount of 
these branches of revenue, being according 
^ Salt 1,057 to the accounts furnish- 

IpIrTtuous •• ''''' ed by you star pagodas 

liquors ... ^ g 942 * per annum, so 

Total star pagodas 8.942 that your payment will 
in future be fixed as follows : — 

Star pagodas. 
Equivalent for miHtary service ... 89,385 
Established Peishcush ... 21,673 

Total 1,11,058 

8. The above sum being the total amount 
of the public demand for your portion of the 
expenses of general protection, I transmit to 



you under the seal and signature of tl^p Gov- 
ernor-in-Council, a Sunnad-I-Mjlkiat Istimirar 
fixing the said sum of star pagodas 1,11,058 
to be the permanent contribution of your 
Zemindari under the above heads. 

9. I have also transmitted full instructions 
on this subject to the Collector of Peishcush, 
who will afford to you such further explana- 
tions as may be requisite but in conformity 
to the motives which have induced me to 
explain to you at such length the principles 
of this commutation, I think it necessary to 
apprize you that my resolution is fixed on the 
grounds already stated, and that I have ac- 
cordingly ordered the Collector to carry the 
arrangement into effect from the commence- 
ment of the present fusli. 

10. In consequence of that arrangement 
it will become necessary for you to disband 
the whole number of military peons now 
maintained by you, and it is my desire that 
you immediately proceed to do so. It is not 
my intention that you should deprive yourself 


of a reasonable number of attendants on your 
person, and I accordingly consent to your re- 
taining to the extent of 100 peons for that 

11. I am aware that many adherents and 
connections of your family have claims on 
your bounty which may be incompatible 
with the entire discontinuance of their sti- 
pends, and it is for this reason that I have 
not included in the calculation of your equi- 
valent the whole amount of the revenue 
granted for the support of the Ameram and 
Cuttabuddy peons. But it is no longer neces- 
sary that those lands should be held on mili- 
tary tenure, and I desire that the peons may 
be accordingly released from that condition. 

12. In order that no immediate loss may 
arise from, this arrangement to the peons in 
your service, who have furnished arms at 
their own expense, I have instructed the Col- 
lector to receive the arms of those peons, and 
to pay them individually an adequate price 
for their value. 


13. Having thus entirely relieved you 
from the burthen of your military establish- 
ments, I have great pleasure in pointing out 
to your notice, that the prospects of tranquil- 
lity connected with that measure invite you 
to reclaim your military peons from the pur- 
suits of an unprofitable profession to the 
improvement of agriculture, and that your 
own releasement from the expense and an- 
xiety of your military service, offers to your 
immediate possession, the enjoyment of peace- 
ful life ; I therefore exhort you by cultivating 
the improvements of agriculture and by faci- 
litating the progress of commerce within your 

What more ? 

(Signed) CLIVE. 

(True Copy) 


Secretary to Goveriiment, 

Fort St. George, 
2\th August, 1802 



















Bahulasvva chritra 
















in account 

on account 















took place in 

took place on 











Geneological Tree of Venkatagiri Rajas' Family. 

Chevvi Reddi {"Has) Bhetala Naidu. 


i' -JiL- 

,.™.. ^ j^ 

Tfoi' r 


Chinna Slneama Naldu. 


(IS) (fl/wj)Pedda Rayadu.' 


Kumara Thlmma Naldu. 

Flna KoDdappa Naldu 

iiik-" "i."- 

Copala Naraaingappa 

Thirupati Kondapi 


ayappa Ayyappa Chinna Nayijiayy^ Ran^wppa Peda Chir 

laidu. Naidu. Naidu, N,,idu Naidu. Kondappa Konda 

"Sr "^N^r ^Nafdu^" ^^"NauFif^' 

Rangappa Thimma 

idu. Rangappa ■■ Yacha Sura Singai 

I Naidu- \ <20) 1 Naid 

..„..,.,;^ir „„...,... 

Kiimara Venkatadri Tliimma Kumara I Ramabhadra J Kui^a Venkatappa Chinna 

Rangappa Naidu. Naidu Naidu, Naidu. YachUna Naidu. Venkatapp; 

Naldu Naidu. Naidu. 

(air I 

Banearu YacUCma Naldu. 

Kumara Yacbama Naidu. 


leopala Kriahna Rama JhsIii 

Yachendra Vaclijndra 

adopted It piiuipur 

= Cli'Sikani 


Sarwagna Venkala Navanil] 

Kumara Rajagopala Chora 

Krishna Krishna Krishn, 

KrUbna L^kshmi Fapamn 

Veniau ■ shLamma Sr ' T^^ VenL.a Ven^.a ^^ Venka.J Vijaya U^T 

Kumala = HSS^ppll'liao. = vSkSaTumra VcnkaSa KShna" ^Rama" ,^K? '"coplila '""' JagadilwaJImn'a 

krishna Zemindar of Krishna _ M. Venkata Rao. Rao. LaBBC"'"" «»» = "■ Sreenivasa 

Yachendra Alkur Vachemlra Ramaiya = lUBnkatadrl Appa Rao 

(adopledl. (died). ( see elsewhere Appa Rao BBa Rao Zemindar oi 

I lor descendants). Zemindar ol zaBndlir of Kapileswurapuram. 



Anapotha Naidu. 

(6) I 

Peda Singama Naidu (alias) Sarwagna Singama Naidu. 

I I I I I I 

Anapotha Dacha Vallabha Vedagiri Dama Mada 

Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. 

(alias) Chinna Singama 

I Naidu. 

Anapotha Naidu. 

I I 

Sarwagna Singama Annama 

Naidu. Naidu. 

^\ paidopB) 



'.l\OTS\ BjBiun>i ;BMpiy\ 


•npiB^ BjpUBqDBlUB^ 



■N '"PI^N 'i^PI^N ""Pl^N Tipi^N *riP!^N '"Pi^N 

3Ab|^ Buuiq3 BddBAAv BddBAB"^ Biuiuiijx BddBABinf) Bcjo 

I r 



•npiB|y[ "npiBfyj 


npiB^j Biuiuiqx 'npiB^ pBdnjiqx '^QQV 

npiB^j BddBpuo>i Bpaj 








Anapotha Naidu. 

(6) I 

Peda Singama Naidu (alias) Sarwagna Singama Naidu. 


I I I I I I 

Anapotha Dacha Vallabha Vedagiri Dama Mada 

Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. Naidu. 

{alias) Chinna Singama 

I Naidu. 

Anapotha Naidu. 

Sarwagna Singama Annama 

Naidu. Naidu. 





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Renewals and recharges may be made 4 days prior 

to due date. 



JAN 16 1976 1 9 

REC. CIR. JAN 15 76 

LD21 — A-40m-8,'75 

General Library 

University of California